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The spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) has been shown to exhibit three of the behavioral characteristics of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: hyperactivity, attention deficit and impulsivity. This study used SHRs and a control strain to assess the effects of the commonly prescribed psychomotor stimulant, d-amphetamine, on impulsivity, defined as(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Sporadic olivopontocerebellar atrophy (OPCA) is a rare and debilitating neurologic disease of insidious onset. It is characterized by atrophy of the cerebellum, pons, and inferior olivary nuclei with concomitant ambulation deficits and dyscoordination. To our knowledge, there has been no published study investigating any aspect of(More)
Desert hedgehog (Dhh) signaling plays an essential role in the normal development of the testis and in the process of spermatogenesis. Little is known about the involvement in spermatogenesis of the prototypic member of the family, Ptc1, which acts to suppress hedgehog signaling through Smoothened (Smo). Here, we have examined the expression of Ptc1, Smo,(More)
Spontaneous epidural hemorrhage has been described in a variety of clinical scenarios, including chronic renal failure (CRF). During hemodialysis, patients with CRF rarely develop spinal or cranial epidural hematomas. Such hemorrhages have been attributed to intracranial pressure fluctuations during hemodialysis, heparin administration, uremic-platelet(More)
Fractures of the thoracic and lumbar vertebrae as a direct consequence of generalized epileptic convulsions are the most common non-traumatic type of fracture complicating epileptic seizures. The majority of these fractures are compression fractures that occur with minimal symptoms and virtually no permanent neurological sequela. Nevertheless, muscle(More)
The spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) has been studied extensively as a purported rodent model of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Because ADHD in humans is partially defined by marked impulsivity, SHRs, if a valid model of ADHD, ought to behave more impulsively than their normotensive parent strain, Wistar Kyoto (WKY). This prediction(More)
The spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) has been shown to exhibit behavioral characteristics analogous to those exhibited by humans diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The present study was conducted to further evaluate the validity of the SHR model of ADHD by characterizing learning of a novel response under conditions of(More)
Trace greenhouse gases are a fundamentally important component of Earth's global climate system sensitive to global change. However, their concentration in the pre-Pleistocene atmosphere during past warm greenhouse climates is highly uncertain because we lack suitable geochemical or biological proxies. This long-standing issue hinders assessment of their(More)
Cloud computing environments provide on-demand resource provisioning, allowing applications to elastically scale. However, application benchmarks currently being used to test cloud management systems are not designed for this purpose. This results in resource underprovisioning and quality-of-service (QoS) violations when systems tested using these(More)
Epididymal Metastasis from a primary carcinoma of the prostate gland is a rare but recognised phenomena. We describe a case of such metastasis which, unlike previous reports, presents as a painful epididymal mass. Therefore it is important for urologists to consider epididymal metastasis as part of the differential diagnosis in a patient with known(More)