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The spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) has been shown to exhibit three of the behavioral characteristics of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: hyperactivity, attention deficit and impulsivity. This study used SHRs and a control strain to assess the effects of the commonly prescribed psychomotor stimulant, d-amphetamine, on impulsivity, defined as(More)
The spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) has been studied extensively as a purported rodent model of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Because ADHD in humans is partially defined by marked impulsivity, SHRs, if a valid model of ADHD, ought to behave more impulsively than their normotensive parent strain, Wistar Kyoto (WKY). This prediction(More)
The spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) has been shown to exhibit behavioral characteristics analogous to those exhibited by humans diagnosed with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The present study was conducted to further evaluate the validity of the SHR model of ADHD by characterizing learning of a novel response under conditions of(More)
Three experiments investigated the effects of immediate and delayed postsession feeding on progressive-ratio and variable-interval schedule performance in rats. During Experiments 1 and 2, immediate postsession feeding decreased the breakpoint, or largest completed ratio, under progressive-ratio schedules. Experiment 3 was conducted to extend the results of(More)
Two experiments were conducted to determine whether responding by albino rats can be brought under the stimulus control of different flash rates. In the first experiment, a conditional discrimination procedure was employed whereby two different flash rates (fast or slow) signaled the availability of reinforcement on one of two levers (left or right).(More)
Although adolescents are a group heavily targeted by the e-cigarette industry, research in cue-reactivity has not previously examined adolescents' behavioral and neural responses to e-cigarette advertising. This study addressed this gap through two experiments. In Experiment One, adult traditional cigarette smokers (n = 41) and non-smokers (n = 41) answered(More)
Pramipexole (PPX) is a high-affinity D2-like dopamine receptor agonist, used in the treatment of Parkinson's disease (PD) and restless leg syndrome. Recent evidence indicates that PPX increases the risk of problem gambling and impulse-control disorders in vulnerable patients. Although the molecular bases of these complications remain unclear, several(More)
Previous research by Hand et al. [10] showed that acquisition of lever pressing was retarded in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) relative to Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKYs) when unsignaled delays of 15s separated lever presses from food delivery. The SHRs took longer to begin responding, exhibited a slower increase in response rates, responded at a lower(More)
A core deficit in timing may underlie the symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Timing deficits have been observed in ADHD-diagnosed children but have yet to be fully explored in the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR), a purported model of ADHD. We asked whether SHRs demonstrate ADHD-like timing deficits using the peak procedure.(More)
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