Andrew Stone

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Cyclin D1, and to a lesser extent the other D-type cyclins, is frequently deregulated in cancer and is a biomarker of cancer phenotype and disease progression. The ability of these cyclins to activate the cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) CDK4 and CDK6 is the most extensively documented mechanism for their oncogenic actions and provides an attractive(More)
UGT2B7 catalyses the glucuronidation of a diverse range of drugs, environmental chemicals and endogenous compounds. Hence, coding region polymorphisms of UGT2B7 are potentially of pharmacological, toxicological and physiological significance. Two variant UGT2B7 cDNAs encoding enzymes with either His or Tyr at residue 268 have been isolated. The variants,(More)
The response to treatment for breast cancer is likely predicted by a number of disease and tumor tissue characteristics, many of which are under active investigation. One area that has received little attention is that of endogenous capabilities to respond to reactive oxygen species and subsequent byproducts resulting from radiation therapy and a number of(More)
Polymorphic catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) catalyzes the O-methylation of estrogen catechols. In a case-control study, we evaluated the association of the low-activity allele (COMT(Met)) with breast cancer risk. Compared to women with COMT(Val/Val), COMT(Met/Met) was associated with an increased risk among premenopausal women [odds ratio (OR), 2.1;(More)
A glutathione S-transferase (GST) P1 polymorphism results in an amino acid substitution, Ile105Val; the Val-containing enzyme has reduced activity toward alkylating agents. Cancer patients with the variant enzyme may differ in removal of treatment agents and in outcomes of therapy. We evaluated survival according to GSTP1 genotype among women (n = 240)(More)
Miniapps provide performance proxies for larger applications thus enabling easier evaluation of performance tuning and refactoring techniques. The CGPOP miniapp is the conjugate gradient solver from Los Alamos National Laboratory’s Parallel Ocean Program (POP) version 2.0. This paper describes the conjugate gradient algorithm encapsulated in CGPOP, presents(More)
Epigenetic alterations in the cancer methylome are common in breast cancer and provide novel options for tumour stratification. Here, we perform whole-genome methylation capture sequencing on small amounts of DNA isolated from formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue from triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) and matched normal samples. We identify(More)
We have previously shown that during pregnancy the E-twenty-six (ETS) transcription factor ELF5 directs the differentiation of mammary progenitor cells toward the estrogen receptor (ER)-negative and milk producing cell lineage, raising the possibility that ELF5 may suppress the estrogen sensitivity of breast cancers. To test this we constructed inducible(More)
OBJECTIVE One way in which parity and use of oral contraceptives may protect against ovarian cancer is by preventing inflammation and oxidative stress associated with ovulation. Since the genes superoxide dismutase (SOD2), myeloperoxidase (MPO), and NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1) are involved in inflammation and oxidative stress, we investigated(More)
The cell cycle is a tightly regulated series of events that governs cell replication and division. Deregulation of cell cycle kinases, e.g., cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs), can initiate a hyper-proliferative cell phenotype and cause genomic instability, thus facilitating malignant transformation. Pharmacological agents targeting CDKs have been developed as(More)