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Control of human African trypanosomiasis (HAT) is dependent on accurate diagnosis and treatment of infected patients. However, sensitivities of tests in routine use are unsatisfactory, due to the characteristically low parasitaemias in naturally infected individuals. We have identified a conserved sequence in the repetitive insertion mobile element (RIME)(More)
Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) of DNA is a novel technique that rapidly amplifies target DNA under isothermal conditions. In the present study, a LAMP test was designed from the serum resistance-associated (SRA) gene of Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense, the cause of the acute form of African sleeping sickness, and used to detect parasite DNA(More)
PCR procedures amplifying portions of the 16S rRNA and NADH oxidase genes of Brachyspira aalborgi and Serpulina pilosicoli were applied to DNA extracted from paraffin-embedded human colonic or rectal tissues from 30 Norwegian, Australian, and U.S. patients, 16 of whom had histologic evidence of intestinal spirochetosis (IS). B. aalborgi-specific sequences(More)
We have identified a novel family of five 3' co-terminal transcripts in murine cytomegalovirus (MCMV) arranged in a tail-to-tail orientation with respect to the MCMV glycoprotein H (gH) gene M75. They share the same exon 2 sequence but possess different exon 1 sequences. Two of these spliced transcripts (M73) encode the MCMV homolog of glycoprotein N (gN)(More)
In a survey of five villages in the Eastern Highlands of Papua New Guinea, Serpulina pilosicoli was isolated from rectal swabs from 113 of 496 individuals (22.8%). Colonization rates ranged from 22.6-30.1% in four of the villages but was only 8.6% in the other village. In comparison colonization was demonstrated in only 5 of 54 indigenous people (9.3%) and(More)
The population genetics of Serpulina pilosicoli and its molecular epidemiology in villages in the Eastern Highlands province of Papua New Guinea were investigated. Multilocus enzyme electrophoresis (MLEE) was used to analyse 164 isolates from humans and animals. These were divided into 33 electrophoretic types (ETs), four of which contained 65% of the(More)
DNA from gastrointestinal biopsy specimens from 28 Australian patients with histologic evidence of intestinal spirochetosis (IS) was subjected to PCRs to amplify segments of the 16S rRNA and NADH oxidase genes of Brachyspira aalborgi and Brachyspira (Serpulina) pilosicoli. B. aalborgi was identified in specimens from 24 (85.7%) patients and B. pilosicoli in(More)
AIM The clinical presentation of four children and adolescents (two males and two females with a mean age of 12.4 years; range 9-16 years) with colorectal spirochetosis is discussed. RESULTS Symptoms included persistent diarrhea (n = 2), rectal bleeding (n = 1) and abdominal pain (n = 2). In all patients, colorectal spirochetosis was an unanticipated(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the presence of the anaerobic intestinal spirochetes Brachyspira aalborgi and Brachyspira pilosicoli in the feces of captive nonhuman primates (n = 35) from 19 species housed at the Zoological Gardens, Perth, Western Australia. Both spirochete species are known to infect human beings. DNA was extracted from(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate genetic variation in the anaerobic intestinal spirochaete Brachyspira aalborgi by partial sequencing of the 16S rRNA and NADH oxidase genes. The spirochaete is poorly cultivable; hence, only six isolates were available for analysis. Additional sequences were amplified from DNA extracted from fixed colorectal(More)