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BACKGROUND Noise is typically conceived of as being detrimental to cognitive performance. However, given the mechanism of stochastic resonance, a certain amount of noise can benefit performance. We investigate cognitive performance in noisy environments in relation to a neurocomputational model of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and(More)
Humans have knowledge about the properties of their native language at various levels of representation; sound, structure, and meaning computation constitute the core components of any linguistic theory. Although the brain sciences have engaged with representational theories of sound and syntactic structure, the study of the neural bases of sentence-level(More)
This paper describes an effort to estimate variations in cognitive effort among cancer survivors experiencing treatment related cognitive decline. EEG-based cognitive state sensing algorithms were validated in the context of an experiment with 5 brain cancer and 5 breast cancer survivors. Workload was manipulated by varying text complexity and time(More)
To study the neural bases of semantic composition in language processing without confounds from syntactic composition, recent magnetoencephalography (MEG) studies have investigated the processing of constructions that exhibit some type of syntax-semantics mismatch. The most studied case of such a mismatch is complement coercion; expressions such as the(More)
  • Andrew Smart
  • 2006
Clinical utility is an increasingly used concept in health care, but one that lacks an agreed formal definition or conceptualization. In this article, I show that the term is commonly used as a synonym for studies of clinical effectiveness and/or economic evaluations and argue that further factors relating to everyday working practice should be included(More)
Perspectives I n this issue of PLoS Medicine, Lundy Braun and colleagues from the Race, Medicine, and Science Workshop discuss " the trouble with race " [1]. They argue that the heterogeneity of racial and ethnic categories (and a lack of consensus on how these categories should be defi ned and measured) make them poor markers for underlying differences in(More)
The US government and its agencies have a mandate, to disseminate information on their operations for public use. Two such agencies are the national marine fisheries service, and the environmental protection agency. These agencies have an e-government directive, requiring them to provide historically collected electronic information to the general public(More)
BACKGROUND It is becoming increasingly difficult to keep information about genetic ancestry separate from information about health, and consumers of genetic ancestry tests are becoming more aware of the potential health risks associated with particular ancestral lineages. Because some of the proposed associations have received little attention from(More)
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