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BACKGROUND In adults, viral causes of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) are poorly characterised. The aims of this study were to characterise the viral aetiology of CAP in adults by using an extensive array of viral diagnostic tests and to compare the characteristics of viral pneumonia with those of pneumococcal pneumonia. METHODS Adults admitted to(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Many of the ideas on irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) are derived from studies conducted in Western societies. Their relevance to Asian societies has not been critically examined. Our objectives were to bring to attention important data from Asian studies, articulate the experience and views of our Asian experts, and provide a relevant(More)
Buspirone stimulates central 5-hydroxytryptamine (5HT) receptors and brings about the release of prolactin, and there is evidence to suggest that the extent of prolactin release after a challenge with buspirone is an indicator of the sensitivity of central 5HT receptors. Seventeen patients with a diagnosis of non-ulcer dyspepsia, eight normal healthy(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether central serotonin receptors are involved in the pathophysiology of non-ulcer dyspepsia. DESIGN Between subjects study of solid phase gastric emptying and prolactin response to buspirone challenge. SUBJECTS 12 patients fulfilling criteria for non-ulcer dyspepsia and 12 age and sex matched controls. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES(More)
AIMS To investigate the role of interleukin-8 (IL-8) and tumour necrosis factor (TNF) in patients infected with Helicobacter pylori. METHODS The study population comprised 52 patients with dyspepsia attending for upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. Of these patients, 35 were infected with H pylori. IL-8 and TNF concentrations in plasma, gastric juice, and(More)
Helicobacter pylori has been identified as a dominant factor in the pathogenesis of duodenal ulcer. The aim of this study was to examine peripheral blood and gastric lymphocyte proliferation and cytokine production in patients with H pylori colonisation. Sixty five dyspeptic patients attending for endoscopy were studied; 35 of these were H pylori positive(More)
A high prevalence of overlap between functional dyspepsia and irritable bowel syndrome has been consistently and universally reported. Recent studies demonstrating shared common pathophysiological disturbances including delayed gastric emptying and visceral hypersensitivity involving more than one region, suggest that these patients have a generalised(More)
Functional dyspepsia is a symptom complex characterised by upper abdominal discomfort or pain, early satiety, motor abnormalities, abdominal bloating and nausea in the absence of organic disease. The central nervous system plays an important role in the conducting and processing of visceral signals. Alterations in brain processing of pain, perception and(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The development-processes by regional socio-cultural adaptation of an Enhanced Asian Rome III questionnaire (EAR3Q), a cultural adaptation of the Rome III diagnostic questionnaire (R3DQ), and its translation-validation in Asian languages are presented. As English is not the first language for most Asians, translation-validation of EAR3Q is(More)
The prevalence of psychopathology in patients presenting with functional bowel disorder to the gastroenterology department was determined using formal psychiatric rating scales. There was no evidence of excessive psychiatric disorder compared to a group of patients with peptic ulcer disease. However, greater trait scores for neuroticism and introversion(More)