Andrew Schweitzer

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BACKGROUND Melanin pigments are ubiquitous in nature. Melanized microorganisms are often the dominating species in certain extreme environments, such as soils contaminated with radionuclides, suggesting that the presence of melanin is beneficial in their life cycle. We hypothesized that ionizing radiation could change the electronic properties of melanin(More)
Melanized microorganisms are often found in environments with very high background radiation levels such as in nuclear reactor cooling pools and the destroyed reactor in Chernobyl. These findings and the laboratory observations of the resistance of melanized fungi to ionizing radiation suggest a role for this pigment in radioprotection. We hypothesized that(More)
  • Andrew D Schweitzer, Tian Liu, +7 authors A John Tsiouris
  • AJR. American journal of roentgenology
  • 2015
OBJECTIVE The diagnosis of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and primary lateral sclerosis (PLS) is often difficult because of a lack of disease biomarkers. The purpose of this study was to investigate quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM) of the motor cortex as a potential quantitative biomarker for the diagnosis of ALS and PLS. MATERIALS AND(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE MRI characterization of carotid plaque has been studied recently as a potential tool to predict stroke caused by carotid atherosclerosis. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to summarize the association of MRI-determined intraplaque hemorrhage, lipid-rich necrotic core, and thinning/rupture of the fibrous cap with(More)
The incidence of melanoma is rising, and therapeutic options for metastatic melanoma are limited. We report the results of experimental melanoma therapy with 188-Rhenium-labeled melanin-binding decapeptide ((188)RE-HYNIC-4B4) and a comprehensive safety evaluation of this treatment. (188)RE-HYNIC- 4B4 bound only to nonviable eumelanotic MNT1 and(More)
BACKGROUND Melanin, a high-molecular weight pigment that is ubiquitous in nature, protects melanized microorganisms against high doses of ionizing radiation. However, the physics of melanin interaction with ionizing radiation is unknown. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS We rationally designed melanins from either 5-S-cysteinyl-DOPA, L-cysteine/L-DOPA, or(More)
Molecular and genetic testing is becoming increasingly relevant in GBM. We sought to determine whether dynamic susceptibility contrast (DSC) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) perfusion imaging could predict EGFR-defined subtypes of GBM. We retrospectively identified 106 consecutive glioblastoma (GBM) patients with known EGFR gene amplification, and a subset(More)
PURPOSE To assess quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM) in the depiction of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) by using 3-T magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS This study was HIPAA compliant and institutional review board approved. Ten healthy subjects (five men, five women; mean age, 24 years ± 3 [standard deviation]; age range, 21-33(More)
PURPOSE Protection of bone marrow against radiotoxicity during radioimmunotherapy and in some cases external beam radiation therapy such as hemi-body irradiation would permit administration of significantly higher doses to tumors, resulting in increased efficacy and safety of treatment. Melanin, a naturally occurring pigment, possesses radioprotective(More)
Cerebrovascular disease remains a significant public health burden with its greatest impact on the elderly population. Advances in neuroimaging techniques allow detailed and sophisticated evaluation of many manifestations of cerebrovascular disease in the brain parenchyma as well as in the intracranial and extracranial vasculature. These tools continue to(More)