Andrew Schmidt

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Knowledge of data traffic behavior is fundamental to the efficient design and implementation of a virtual circuit packet switch and its supporting policies and mechanisms. In this paper, we examine the behavior of local and wide area <i>Internet Protocol</i> (IP) networks, study connection and connectionless protocols, and use our results to estimate the(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is known as an endothelial cell-specific mitogen. There are no reports concerning the presence of VEGF in the inner ear. To gain information, immunohistochemical analysis using specific antibodies to VEGF and to both known VEGF receptors Flt-1 and KDR/Flk-1 was performed on paraffin-sectioned temporal bones from(More)
  • Cristi A. Gleason, IA, +18 authors D. Shores
  • 2005
and the 2004 American Accounting Association. We gratefully acknowledge the contribution of I/B/E/S Inc. for providing earnings per share forecast data, available though the Institutional Brokers Estimate System. I/B/E/S provides these data as part of a broad academic program to encourage earnings expectation research. Abstract Does using earnings(More)
We examine whether the FIN 48 reserve for contingent income tax liabilities reflects a firm's tax sheltering activities, and whether that informativeness depends on monitoring mechanisms. Understanding the relation between tax shelters and the tax reserve is important to researchers, investors, and regulators keen to use the reserve to measure corporate tax(More)
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