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We have engineered transgenic Caenorhabditis elegans animals to inducibly express the human beta amyloid peptide (Abeta). Gene expression changes resulting from Abeta induction have been monitored by cDNA hybridization to glass slide microarrays containing probes for almost all known or predicted C. elegans genes. Using statistical criteria, we have(More)
Despite the widespread use of chemotherapy and other control strategies over the past 50years, transmission rates for schistosomiasis have changed little. Regardless of the approach used, future control efforts will require a more complete understanding of fundamental parasite biology. Schistosomes undergo complex development involving an alteration of(More)
Free-living miracidia of Schistosoma mansoni, upon penetration of the their snail intermediate host, undergo dramatic morphological and physiological changes as they transform to the parasitic sporocyst stage. During this transformation process, developing larvae release a diverse array of proteins, herein referred to as larval transformation proteins(More)
Expression of the human beta amyloid peptide (A beta) in transgenic Caenorhabditis elegans animals can lead to the formation of intracellular immunoreactive deposits as well as the formation of intracellular amyloid. We have used this model to identify proteins that interact with intracellular A beta in vivo. Mass spectrometry analysis of proteins that(More)
The biosynthesis of melanotic materials is an important process in the life of a mosquito. Melanin production is critical for many diverse processes such as egg chorion tanning, cuticular sclerotization, and melanotic encapsulation of metazoan parasites. Prophenoloxidase plays a critical role in this biochemical cascade. Two cDNAs, one full length and one(More)
Schistosomiasis is endemic in over 70 countries, in which more than 200 million people are infected with the various schistosome species. Understanding the physiological processes underlying key developmental events could be useful in developing novel chemotherapeutic reagents or infection intervention strategies. Calmodulin is a small, calcium-sensing(More)
Dopa decarboxylase converts L-dopa to dopamine, a precursor molecule for diverse biological activities in insects including neurotransmission and a variety of tanning reactions required for development, reproduction and defence against parasites. Herein, we report the cloning and sequencing of the Aedes aegypti Ddc gene, including 2.1 kb of the upstream(More)
For the human blood fluke, Schistosoma mansoni, the developmental period that constitutes the transition from miracidium to sporocyst within the molluscan host involves major alterations in morphology and physiology. Although the genetic basis for this transformation process is not well understood, it is likely to be accompanied by changes in gene(More)
A biologically contained influenza A virus that stably expresses a foreign gene can be effectively traced, used to generate a novel multivalent vaccine and have its replication easily assessed, all while satisfying safety concerns regarding pathogenicity or reversion. This study generated a PB2-knockout (PB2-KO) influenza virus that harboured the GFP(More)
Influenza viruses mutate frequently, necessitating constant updates of vaccine viruses. To establish experimental approaches that may complement the current vaccine strain selection process, we selected antigenic variants from human H1N1 and H3N2 influenza virus libraries possessing random mutations in the globular head of the haemagglutinin protein (which(More)