Andrew S . Lewis

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Thyroid hormone responsive protein Spot 14 has been consistently associated with de novo fatty acid synthesis activity in multiple tissues, including the lactating mammary gland, which synthesizes large quantities of medium chain fatty acids (MCFAs) exclusively via FASN. However, the molecular function of Spot14 remains undefined during lactation.(More)
ErbB2, a member of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) family, is overexpressed in 20% to 30% of human breast cancer cases and forms oncogenic signalling complexes when dimerised to ErbB3 or other EGFR family members. We crossed mouse mammary tumour virus (MMTV)-myr-Akt1 transgenic mice (which express constitutively active Akt1 in the mammary gland)(More)
Tumor cells exhibit an altered metabolism characterized by elevated aerobic glycolysis and lactate secretion which is supported by an increase in glucose transport and consumption. We hypothesized that reducing or eliminating the expression of the most prominently expressed glucose transporter(s) would decrease the amount of glucose available to breast(More)
A series of combretastatin A-4 analogs derived from the ATP competitive, VEGF receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor, SU5416 were synthesized. The cytotoxic effects of the analogs were evaluated against PC-3 and MDA-MB-231 cancer cell lines, as well as their abilities to inhibit tubulin polymerization. Results are compared to those of compound 1, our lead(More)
Mammary gland development culminates in lactation and is orchestrated by numerous stimuli and signaling pathways. The Src family of nonreceptor tyrosine kinases plays a pivotal role in cell signaling. In order to determine if Src plays a role in mammary gland development we have examined mammary gland development and function during pregnancy and lactation(More)
Altered tumor cell metabolism is an emerging hallmark of cancer; however, the precise role for glucose in tumor initiation is not known. GLUT1 (SLC2A1) is expressed in breast cancer cells and is likely responsible for avid glucose uptake observed in established tumors. We have shown that GLUT1 was necessary for xenograft tumor formation from primary mammary(More)
A series of compounds originally derived from thalidomide were synthesized and evaluated. The most potent compounds in this series, 5HPP-33 and compound 20, inhibited NF-kappaB activation in HeLa cells. Preliminary study indicated that the mechanism of inhibition of NF-kappaB activation is through inhibition of its translocation from the cytoplasm to the(More)
In efforts to overcome limitations associated with egg-based influenza vaccines, mammalian cell substrates have gradually emerged as potential production platforms. Recently, a suspension Madin Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cell line for influenza virus production was created by expressing the human siat7e gene. To examine the broad susceptibility of this(More)
Krüppel-like factor 4 is a zinc finger protein with dual functions that can act as a transcriptional activator and repressor of genes involved in cell proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis. Although most studies have focused on terminally differentiated epithelial cells, evidence suggests that Krüppel-like factor 4 regulates the development and(More)
Serum from mice hyperimmune to Plasmodium yoelii was used to screen a P. yoelii genomic DNA library. Antibodies selected from hyperimmune serum by lambda gt11 clone J7 or raised against a specific fusion protein or peptide produced a punctate pattern of immunofluorescence on fixed smears of parasitised erythrocytes and immunoprecipitated a 235-kDa protein(More)