Andrew S. Levitas

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Previous studies have reported immunoglobulin-positive neurons in Alzheimer's disease (AD) brains, an observation indicative of blood-brain barrier (BBB) breakdown. Recently, we demonstrated the nearly ubiquitous presence of brain-reactive autoantibodies in human sera. The significance of these observations to AD pathology is unknown. Here, we show that(More)
A double-blind, crossover study of a 10 mg folic acid per day (vs. placebo) treatment was carried out in 25 fra(X) males (ages 1-31 years). Each treatment period lasted 6 months. Before, during and after the study, the patients were assessed blindly with psychological, language and behavioral evaluations, and parent or caretaker reports were collected.(More)
Fifty males with the fragile X [fra(X)] syndrome, which we consider synonymous with the Martin-Bell syndrome, were identified by a chromosome analysis of patients with developmental delays or mental retardation and family studies of known fra(X) pedigrees. These males were evaluated for autism using three criteria: 1) the DSM III diagnostic criteria for(More)
Artistic representation of malformation syndromes has been of ongoing interest, often as a point of departure for discussion of medical history. We have identified a 16th-century Flemish Nativity painting in which one angelic figure appears distinctly different from other individuals in the painting with an appearance of Down syndrome. Several prior(More)
There are reports of sex chromosomal abnormalities including XXY, XYY, and fragile X karyotypes in autistic individuals, but structural autosomal defects have rarely been reported. This paper presents four patients with autism, mental retardation, minor dysmorphic features, and structural autosomal defects. These patients shared autistic features including(More)
Identifying atypical trajectories that distinguish children with differing developmental disorders from each other and from typically developing children is a potentially powerful tool for early ascertainment and treatment of syndrome specific proficiencies and deficiencies. The past decade has seen unparalleled advances in the fields of molecular genetics,(More)
Developmental disability, particularly mental retardation, both affects a person's cognitive functioning and places that person on an alternative track of development which, when combined with social, political and economic pressures, places the developmentally disabled person at increased risk for mental illness. The presenting symptoms of mental illness(More)
Major psychiatric disorders have a complex genetic aetiology. The study of psychiatric phenotypes in individuals with malformation syndromes may allow one to search for the genes that confer an increased risk for the same psychiatric disorders in the general population. The present authors report on the psychiatric evaluations of 13 patients with classic or(More)