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The zinc finger protein LMO4 is overexpressed in a high proportion of breast carcinomas. Here, we report that overexpression of a mouse mammary tumor virus (MMTV)-Lmo4 transgene in the mouse mammary gland elicits hyperplasia and mammary intraepithelial neoplasia or adenosquamous carcinoma in two transgenic strains with a tumor latency of 13-18 months. To(More)
Modest weight loss if maintained is associated with significant metabolic benefits and reduction in cardiovascular risk. Adipose tissue secretes cytokines believed to contribute to the pathogenesis of insulin resistance and cardiovascular risk. We therefore observed the effect of modest weight loss on serum adipocytokines and their relationship with changes(More)
BACKGROUND Enterocytozoon bieneusi and Cryptosporidium parvum cause chronic antimicrobial-resistant gastrointestinal infections in HIV-1-infected individuals. HIV-1 reverse transcriptase inhibitors delay the onset of opportunistic infections, but are not known to reverse established infections. HIV-1 protease inhibitors are more effective across a broader(More)
The cell cycle regulatory gene cyclin D1 is a candidate oncogene in breast cancer. It is overexpressed in 30-50% of invasive primary breast cancers and plays a key role in mediating mitogenic responses to steroids and growth factors in breast cancer cells in vitro. Because the role of cyclin D1 in the proliferative and early noninvasive stages of breast(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Thalidomide is clinically effective in the treatment of graft versus host disease in bone marrow transplantation and aphthous ulceration in HIV infection. It appears to exert a selective effect on tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) production. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha is implicated in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease(More)
Continuous culture was achieved in several cell lines of a microsporidium obtained from the skeletal muscle of an AIDS patient. Development in COS-1 and RK13 cells was prolific. Spores from the original biopsy were also inoculated into athymic mice by i.m. and i.p. routes. Infection was found in several organs as well as in skeletal muscle after a few(More)
Among white Australians without breast cancer, the median of the percentage of oestrogen receptor alpha positive cells was 12% for women younger than 50 years and 17% for those 50 years or older; among Japanese women who had no breast cancer and are generally at low risk for this disease, the corresponding values were both significantly lower and around 9%.
Seventy-four fine needle aspiration biopsies (FNAB) of breast were selected from the 133 cases with surgical biopsy follow up, from a total of 1,154 consecutive breast FNAB received in a 6-month-period. These 74 cases were reviewed and scored using all relevant cytological criteria for proliferative breast lesions used in our recent retrospective study,(More)
This study aimed to analyze statistically the accuracy of fine needle aspiration biopsy cytological criteria in diagnosing epithelial hyperplasia with atypia (EHA), papillary lesions (PAP), and radial scar/complex sclerosing lesions (RS/CSL). The 42 criteria studied were extracted from a literature review and those developed and used in our department.(More)
OBJECTIVE To increase physicians' and dentists' awareness that nicorandil is a potential inducer of severe mouth ulceration. STUDY DESIGN Nine new cases of ulceration from 3 European countries were included in this study. RESULTS Oral ulceration developed within 9 months of beginning nicorandil therapy, and ulcers resolved within 1 month of withdrawal(More)