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Many studies have reported variability data for tests of speech discrimination, and the disparate results of these studies have not been given a simple explanation. Arguments over the relative merits of 25- vs 50-word tests have ignored the basic mathematical properties inherent in the use of percentage scores. The present study models performance on(More)
An extensive corticofugal system extends from the auditory cortex toward subcortical nuclei along the auditory pathway. Corticofugal influences reach even into the inner ear via the efferents of the olivocochlear bundle, the medial branch of which modulates preneural sound amplification gain. This corticofugal system is thought to contribute to(More)
Babies without any of the known risk factors for hearing impairment were taken from normal maternity wards and tested daily for 3 days post-partum. Tympanometric and evoked otoacoustic emission data were obtained from 121 babies. Middle-ear pressure and middle-ear compliance values were obtained with a Grason Stadler Middle-Ear Analyser (GSI-33) using a(More)
Click-evoked otoacoustic emissions (CEOAEs) exhibit nonlinearities in amplitude and time domains. The first objective of this study was to investigate whether there is any correlation between the temporal and amplitude nonlinearities of CEOAEs in normals. Additionally there is evidence that pathology affects the normal cochlear nonlinearity. The second(More)
BACKGROUND Deafness and handicapping sensorineural hearing impairment occur frequently in neonatal intensive care unit survivors for unknown reasons. PATIENTS AND METHODS Hearing was tested early and repeatedly in neonatal intensive care unit patients with an auditory brainstem response (ABR) screener. The temporal bones of 15 nonsurvivors (30 ears) were(More)
Contralateral suppression of click evoked otoacoustic emissions (CEOAEs) is widely used as a non-invasive measure of the activity of the (uncrossed) medial olivocochlear bundle (MOCB). There is evidence that the uMOCB receives descending input from the cortex, potentially mediating top-down control during higher order processing. This study investigated(More)
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS The aim of our study was the objective assessment of endolymphatic hydrops in asymptomatic ears in unilateral Ménière's disease with a noninvasive electrophysiological test and investigation of significant clinical signs. The null hypothesis was that there would be no signs of endolymphatic hydrops in the asymptomatic ear. STUDY(More)
The ABR Delta V technique involves measuring the difference in latency of the wave V click-evoked ABR in the presence of ipsilateral high-pass noise filtered at 1.42 kHz and at 5.68 kHz. It has been reported that a small latency difference between the two conditions is suggestive of Ménière's disease. The aim of this study was to establish normative data(More)
OBJECTIVES The objective of this study was to examine whether temporal non-linearities of the cochlear amplifier, as reflected by otoacoustic emissions (OAEs), exist and are distinct from any recording system non-linearities. METHODS Maximum length sequence stimulation, at various stimulus rates, was used to evoke OAEs from normally hearing subjects.(More)
This normative study investigates the efficiency of using the maximum length sequence (MLS) technique applied to auditory brainstem evoked response (ABR) testing to estimate hearing thresholds. Using a commercially available system, ABRs were recorded in sixteen subjects at two conventional rates--9.1 and 33.3 clicks/s--and six MLS rates between 88.8 and(More)