Andrew R. Ready

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Visualizing the three-dimensional morphology and spatial patterning of cells embedded deep within dense connective tissues of the musculoskeletal system has been possible only by utilizing destructive techniques. Here we utilize fructose-based clearing solutions to image cell connectivity and deep tissue-scale patterning in situ by standard confocal(More)
BACKGROUND Blood group ABO-incompatible live donor (LD) renal transplantation may provide a significant source of organs. We report the results of our first 14 cases of ABO-incompatible LD renal transplantation using specific anti-A/B antibody (Ab) immunoadsorption (IA) and anti-CD20 monoclonal Ab (mAb) treatment. PATIENTS AND TREATMENT PROTOCOL: Recipients(More)
BACKGROUND Limiting the exposure of kidney transplant recipients to calcineurin inhibitors (CNIs) has potential merit, but there is no clear consensus on the utility of current strategies. In an attempt to aid clarification, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized trials that assessed CNI sparing (minimization or elimination) with(More)
INTRODUCTION Some Indoasian (IA) patients with established renal failure travel abroad for commercial kidney transplantation. We compared the 1-year outcomes of IA patients from one UK region who received overseas transplants with IA patients receiving local living donor (LD) kidney transplantation, deceased donor (DD) transplantation, and dialysis. (More)
Conflicting evidence surrounds clinical outcomes in obese individuals after transplantation; nonetheless, many are denied the opportunity to receive a transplant. Allografts with complex vascular anatomy are regularly used in both deceased and living donor settings. We established the risk of transplanting kidneys with multiple renal arteries into obese(More)
BACKGROUND The microemulsion preconcentrate formulation of cyclosporine A (CsA) (Neoral) exhibits more uniform pharmacokinetics than the conventional formulation (Sandimmun; SIM). This randomized, open-label, U.K. multicenter study compared the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of Neoral and SIM in preventing acute rejection in de novo renal transplant(More)
Large-scale clinical trials using C(2) monitoring of cyclosporine (CsA) microemulsion (Neoral) in renal transplant recipients have demonstrated low acute rejection rates and good tolerability with a low adverse event profile in a variety of settings: with or without routine induction therapy; in combination with mycophenolate mofetil; with standard-exposure(More)
The ethical debate surrounding the payment of living unrelated donors continues despite very little evidence regarding the outcome. The aim of this audit was to identify the scale of the problem and assess the results of patients undergoing these procedures. The large Indo-Asian population within our region has a high demand for renal replacement therapy(More)
OBJECTIVES In animal models of transplantation, chemokine receptors have been shown to direct the infiltration of T cells in immune responses and inflammation and to be critical in cellular recruitment. Although the chemokine receptors CXCR3 and CCR5 and their ligands have been found during acute rejection in transplanted human kidneys, the kinetics of(More)