Andrew R. Plummer

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—Traditionally the positioning of pneumatic actuators has been limited to movement between preset stops or switches. The restricting factors preventing the use of pneumatic cylinders for accurate servo-control arise from highly nonlinear dynamic properties such as air compressibility and friction effects, which combine to severely degrade time response and(More)
BACKGROUND Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate can cause renal and bone toxic effects related to high plasma tenofovir concentrations. Tenofovir alafenamide is a novel tenofovir prodrug with a 90% reduction in plasma tenofovir concentrations. Tenofovir alafenamide-containing regimens can have improved renal and bone safety compared with tenofovir disoproxil(More)
Let G = (V, E) be a graph. A set S ⊆ V is a total restrained dominating set if every vertex is adjacent to a vertex in S and every vertex of V − S is adjacent to a vertex in V − S. The total restrained domination number of G, denoted by γ tr (G), is the smallest cardinality of a total restrained dominating set of G. We show that if T is a tree of order n,(More)
As a child acquires language, he or she: perceives acoustic information in his or her surrounding environment; identifies portions of the ambient acoustic information as language-related; and associates that language-related information with his or her perception of his or her own language-related acoustic productions. The present work models the third(More)
Let G = (V, E) be a graph. A set S ⊆ V is a total restrained dominating set if every vertex is adjacent to a vertex in S and every vertex of V − S is adjacent to a vertex in V − S. A set S ⊆ V is a restrained dominating set if every vertex in V − S is adjacent to a vertex in S and to a vertex in V − S. The total restrained domination number of G (restrained(More)
We investigate vowel category perception within and across languages by proffering a statistical methodology for creating vowel category response surfaces over maximal vowel spaces based on the responses of subjects from five different language communities to vowel stimuli generated by an age-varying ar-ticulatory synthesizer. The methodology is based on an(More)
Speech signals vary substantially in a number of their key properties, with the variability deriving from, among other things, talkers' age and gender. Speech processing requires resolution of this variation, necessitating interpretation of age and gender information in the signal. In some signals, the age and gender are not clear from acoustic information(More)