Andrew R. Humpage

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Cyanobacterial toxins have caused human poisoning in the Americas, Europe and Australia. There is accumulating evidence that they are present in treated drinking water supplies when cyanobacterial blooms occur in source waters. With increased population pressure and depleted groundwater reserves, surface water is becoming more used as a raw water source,(More)
Cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) are abundant in fresh, brackish and marine waters worldwide. When toxins produced by cyanobacteria are present in the aquatic environment, seafood harvested from these waters may present a health hazard to consumers. Toxicity hazards from seafood have been internationally recognised when the source is from marine algae(More)
Microcystin-LR and -LA were readily biodegraded by a bacterium, Sphingpoyxis sp. LH21, in a treated reservoir water. Detection of the microcystins was conducted using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) inhibition assay and a cell-based cytotoxicity assay. The HPLC results correlated well with the two assays. The(More)
The paralytic shellfish poisoning toxins (PSTs) were, as their name suggests, discovered as a result of human poisoning after consumption of contaminated shellfish. More recently, however, the same toxins have been found to be produced by freshwater cyanobacteria. These organisms have worldwide distribution and are common in our sources of drinking water,(More)
Aquatic food accounts for over 40% of global animal food products, and the potential contamination with toxins of algal origin--marine biotoxins--poses a health threat for consumers. The gold standards to assess toxins in aquatic food have traditionally been in vivo methods, i.e., the mouse as well as the rat bioassay. Besides ethical concerns, there is(More)
Exposure to chlorination disinfection by-products (CxDBPs) is prevalent in populations using chlorination-based methods to disinfect public water supplies. Multifaceted research has been directed for decades to identify, characterize, and understand the toxicology of these compounds, control and minimize their formation, and conduct epidemiologic studies(More)
Cyanobacterial blooms represent a health hazard worldwide due to their toxic potential. The CyanoSurvey project was set up to evaluate the risk associated with the presence of toxigenic cyanobacteria in Australian drinking water reservoirs. It mainly targeted members of the following genera: Dolichospermum, Sphaerospermopsis, Chrysosporum,(More)
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