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OBJECTIVE The aim was to formulate practice guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of hyperprolactinemia. PARTICIPANTS The Task Force consisted of Endocrine Society-appointed experts, a methodologist, and a medical writer. EVIDENCE This evidence-based guideline was developed using the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and(More)
Gene transcription may be regulated by remote enhancer or insulator regions through chromosome looping. Using a modification of chromosome conformation capture (3C) and fluorescence in situ hybridization, we found that one allele of the insulin-like growth factor 2 (Igf2)/H19 imprinting control region (ICR) on chromosome 7 colocalized with one allele of(More)
Oestradiol is important in the growth of uterine leiomyomata and may act primarily or secondarily through mediators such as growth factors, including the insulin-like growth factors (IGF-I and IGF-II), mitogenic peptides. IGF binding proteins (IGFBPs) modulate IGF actions at their target cells. The objective of this study was to examine the possible steroid(More)
CONTEXT Low 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] and high PTH may contribute to increased mortality risk in older adults. OBJECTIVE The aim of the study was to test the association between 25(OH)D, PTH, and mortality in older men. DESIGN AND SETTING The prospective Osteoporotic Fractures in Men (MrOS) study was conducted at six U.S. clinical centers. (More)
Normal aging is characterized by detrimental changes in body composition, muscle strength, and somatotropic function. Reduction in muscle strength contributes to frailty and risk for fracture in the elderly. Although older adults increase muscle strength as a result of resistance exercise training, the strength gains quickly level off, with only modest(More)
We evaluated the effects of recombinant insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) and growth hormone (GH) on calciotropic hormones and bone turnover markers in 16 healthy elderly women 71.9 +/- 1.3 years of age (mean +/- SEM). Subjects consumed a fixed diet providing 1000 mg of calcium and 0.9 g/kg of protein for 10 days before starting baseline 24-h urine and(More)
There are two telomere maintenance mechanisms (TMMs) in human tumors, telomerase activation (TA) and, more rarely, the process termed alternative lengthening of telomeres (ALT). Unlike most carcinomas, sarcomas, including osteosarcomas (OS), have been reported to display TA and ALT in more balanced proportions and, thus, present an opportunity to examine(More)
The effects of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) on bone volumetric density, bone geometry, and estimates of bone strength are not well established. We used peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT) to compare tibial and radial bone volumetric density (vBMD, mg/cm(3)), total (ToA, mm(2)) and cortical (CoA, mm(2)) bone area and estimates of bone(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS Diabetes mellitus is associated with increased fracture risk in women but few studies are available in men. To evaluate the relationship between diabetes and prospective non-vertebral fractures in elderly men, we used data from the Osteoporotic Fractures in Men (MrOS) study. METHODS The MrOS enrolled 5,994 men (aged ≥65 years). Diabetes(More)
M6P/IGF2R imprinting first appeared approximately 150 million years ago following the divergence of prototherian from therian mammals. Although M6P/IGF2R is clearly imprinted in opossums and rodents, its imprint status in humans remains ambiguous. It is also still unknown if M6P/IGF2R imprinting was an ancestral mammalian epigenotype or if it evolved(More)