Andrew R. Cossins

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How do organisms respond adaptively to environmental stress? Although some gene-specific responses have been explored, others remain to be identified, and there is a very poor understanding of the system-wide integration of response, particularly in complex, multitissue animals. Here, we adopt a transcript screening approach to explore the mechanisms(More)
We have reconstructed the events that led to the evolution of a key physiological innovation underpinning the large adaptive radiation of fishes, namely their unique ability to secrete molecular oxygen (O2). We show that O2 secretion into the swimbladder evolved some 100 million years after another O2-secreting system in the eye. We unravel the likely(More)
1. An osmolality reduction of the suspending medium leads to osmotic swelling of trout erythrocytes, which is followed by a volume readjustment towards the original level. The regulatory volume decrease (RVD) was not complete after 1 h. 2. During RVD the cells lost K+ and Cl- but gained Na+. This entry of Na+, which is about half the K+ loss, explains the(More)
The "fluidity" of brain synaptosomal membrane preparations of arctic and hot-springs fish species, two temperature water fish species acclimated to different seasonal temperatures, and two mammals was estimated using the fluorescence polarization technique. At all measurement temperatures, the fluidity decreased in the order: arctic sculpin, 5(More)
Teleost species from cold environments possess more disordered brain synaptic membranes than species from warm habitats, thereby providing equivalent physical structures at their respective habitat temperatures. We have related this adaptive interspecific biophysical response to the fatty acid composition of brain membranes from 17 teleost species obtained(More)
Oxygen is essential for all higher forms of animal life. It is required for oxidative phosphorylation, which forms the bulk of the energy supply of most animals. In many vertebrates, transport of O(2) from respiratory to other tissues, and of CO(2) in the opposite direction, involves red cells. These are highly specialised, adapted for their respiratory(More)
The effect of oxygenation on the dissipative fluxes of K in trout red blood cells has been determined. Unidirectional influx under low oxygen tension (PO2 = 1 kPa) was 0.56 +/- 0.07 mmol.l-1 packed cells.h-1. Within a few minutes of equilibration with high oxygen tension (PO2 = 120 kPa), influx was increased 14-fold, and this was associated with a(More)
Poikilothermic animals respond to chronic cold by increasing phosphoglyceride unsaturation to restore the fluidity of cold-rigidified membranes. Despite the importance of this compensatory response, the enzymes involved have not been clearly identified, and the mechanisms that control their activity are unknown. In carp liver, cold induces an 8- to 10-fold(More)
The rate of K+ influx in washed trout erythrocytes was not stable and declined by 60% over a 6 h period, but decreased only slowly thereafter. During this initial period the cells shrank, although [K+]i was maintained constant. Both ouabain-sensitive and furosemide-sensitive K+ influx were reduced by approximately equal amounts. Extensive modification of(More)
Goldfish (Carassius auratus) are excellent model organisms for the neuroendocrine signaling and the regulation of reproduction in vertebrates. Goldfish also serve as useful model organisms in numerous other fields. In contrast to mammals, teleost fish do not have a median eminence; the anterior pituitary is innervated by numerous neuronal cell types and(More)