Andrew Putnis

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Spicules of calcareous sponges are elaborately shaped skeletal elements that nonetheless show characteristics of calcite single-crystals. Our atomic force microscopic and transmission electron microscopic investigation of the triradiate spicules of the sponge Pericharax heteroraphis reveals a nano-cluster structure with mostly well-aligned small crystal(More)
AIM This study reports the short- and long-term outcomes of laparostomy for intra-abdominal sepsis. METHOD Twenty-nine sequential patients with intra-abdominal sepsis treated with a laparostomy over 6 years were included. RESULTS The median age of the patients was 51 years, postoperative intensive care unit stay was 8 days, postoperative length of(More)
The magnetic microstructure of a natural, finely exsolved intergrowth of submicron magnetite blocks in an ulvöspinel matrix is characterized by using off-axis electron holography in the transmission electron microscope. Single-domain and vortex states in individual blocks, as well as magnetostatic interaction fields between them, are imaged at a spatial(More)
A selection of recent results illustrating the application of off-axis electron holography to the study of magnetic microstructure in closely-spaced nanoparticles and nanowires is reviewed. Examples are taken from the characterization of FeNi nanoparticle chains, Co nanoparticle rings, two-dimensional arrays of naturally occurring magnetite crystals in(More)
, 1441 (2014); 343 Science Andrew Putnis Why Mineral Interfaces Matter This copy is for your personal, non-commercial use only. clicking here. colleagues, clients, or customers by , you can order high-quality copies for your If you wish to distribute this article to others here. following the guidelines can be obtained by Permission to republish or(More)
The oxidation state of iron oxide nanoparticles was determined using the two principally different technical realisations of energy filtering TEM, in one case using the JEOL 3010 equipped with a LaB6 cathode and a post-column GIF and in the second, the newly designed LIBRA 200FE equipped with an corrected in-column 90 degrees energy filter and a field(More)
Pure calcium carbonate (calcite and aragonite) solid materials of different particle size (100-200 microm fragments and millimeter-sized single crystals) were interacted with Pb in aqueous solutions at room temperature under atmospheric PCO2. In the case of the micrometer-sized samples, the macroscopic investigation using a batch-type treatment procedure(More)
Structural phase transformations in Ni(7)S(6) and Cu(7)S(4) have been observed dynamically by in situ experiments in a transmission electron microscope. In this way it is possible to demonstrate the possibility of two fundamentally different types of behavior: (i) the ideal transformation from the stable high-temperature form to the stable low-temperature(More)
The study of nucleation and growth mechanisms of salts from aqueous solutions, as a function of supersaturation, is described using both macroscopic and microscopic experiments. In situ observations in a fluid cell in an atomic force microscope (AFM) reveal phenomena not accounted for in standard crystal-growth theories, specifically on the role of the(More)