Andrew Poulton

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Previous studies have shown that bright light (2500 lux) suppresses nocturnal secretion of melatonin, while dim light (500 lux) has little or no effect. We have studied the effect of varying intensities of light on 5 normal male volunteers (age 18-28). The experiment was divided into 3 parts which took place at weekly intervals. Subjects remained under(More)
The resistance status of gastro-intestinal nematodes to anthelmintics was evaluated on 881 sheep farms throughout Australia during 1991-92. Resistance was shown to be widespread. Overall, 85% of farms had sheep infected with nematodes resistant to benzimidazole, 65% to levamisole and 34% to combination (benzimidazole+levamisole) products. Resistance to(More)
Melatonin levels have been studied in venous blood sampled at different frequencies (0.5-, 2-, and 60-min intervals) form intact ewes. All samples were taken during the dark phase of either natural or artificial photoperiods. In one experiment samples were taken simultaneously from both jugular veins to investigate the possible effects of "streaming" on the(More)
Rams and ewes of the Romney Marsh (N = 6), Dorset Horn (N = 8) and Australian Merino (N = 8) breeds were subjected to 4 successive periods of alternating 6 h light/18 h dark ('short' days) and 18 h light/6 h dark ('long' days) preceded by 16 weeks of 12 h light/12 h dark. The initial period was of 32 weeks (16 weeks 'short' days; 16 weeks 'long' days) and(More)
Ewes were treated with s.c. implants of melatonin in mid-April, mid-May and mid-June. From mid-June, other animals were given oral doses of melatonin daily at 16.30 h and another group was maintained under a short (8 h light:16 h darkness) artificial photoperiod (lights out 16.30 h). Serial blood samples were taken from all animals in June and July. Plasma(More)
Early oestrous cycles were induced in adult, maiden, 18-month-old Suffolk-cross ewes, maintained from birth in natural photoperiod by the following treatments applied from mid-June: subcutaneous implantation of melatonin (1 g) in Silastic packets, daily, oral, melatonin administration (3 mg/ewe) at 15:30 h, an artificial photoperiod of 8L:16D (lights on(More)
A series of alpha-cyano-beta-hydroxypropenamides was prepared and tested for anthelmintic activity. alpha-Cyano-beta-hydroxy-N-[4- (trifluoromethyl)phenyl]-3-[4-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]propenamide (1) showed good activity against the nematode Nematospirodes dubius in a mixed parasite infection in mice; several of the analogues were also effective against(More)
The pineal hormone melatonin has been used to advance the onset of the breeding season in sheep and thus produce lambs earlier in the year. If this reproductive manipulation is to be used commercially, some knowledge of the route of metabolism and identity of possible metabolites is necessary. A major metabolite of melatonin in rodents and man is(More)
We have investigated the profiles of prolactin secretion in relation to onset of breeding activity in Suffolk-Cross ewes with artificially modified melatonin rhythms. With treatments commencing in midsummer, groups of ewes were 1) subjected to a 8L:16D photoperiod, 2) maintained under a "short" (6L:16D) photoperiod repeated over a 22-h cycle that induces an(More)
The pineal gland is essential for the perception of photoperiod change in many species. Information about photoperiod length is conveyed through pineal secretion of the methoxyindole melatonin. Melatonin, suitably administered in physiological quantities is equipotent with artificial photoperiod in the induction of photoperiodic responses. Most experimental(More)