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BACKGROUND Depression is characterized by several sleep-related abnormalities shortly before and after sleep onset, such as prolonged sleep latency, loss of stage 3-4 sleep, reduced rapid eye movement (REM) latency, increased nocturnal core body temperature, and abnormal hormone secretion patterns. Sleep deprivation is associated with a temporary(More)
OBJECTIVE The changing effectiveness of a treatment program for dual-diagnosis patients was evaluated over a 2-year period with the use of a sequential study group design. METHOD The treatment outcome of 179 consecutively enrolled patients with chronic psychotic illness and comorbid substance dependence who entered a specialized day hospital(More)
In 1975 van den Burg and van den Hoofdakker hypothesized that depressed patients might be 'overaroused.' This suggestion is consistent not only with their seminal observations on the antidepressant effects of total sleep deprivation in depression, but with the short, fragmented, and shallow sleep of depressed patients, lowered arousal thresholds,(More)
Sixteen high-functioning adults with a history of childhood autism and 26 normal control subjects underwent [18F]fluoro-2-deoxyglucose positron-emission tomography to assess regional cerebral glucose metabolic rate (GMR). Autistic patients had a left > right anterior rectal gyrus asymmetry, as opposed to the normal right > left asymmetry in that region.(More)
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