Andrew Pam

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The comparison of MZ-DZ twins in behavioral genetics has produced what seems like irrefutable evidence for the heritability of many psychiatric disorders. But such research depends on the validity of the EEA--the "equal environments assumption"--as an underlying premise. In this paper, several empirical studies which support the EEA are critically reviewed(More)
Biological psychiatry has four principal modes of investigation but each has been flawed by errors in procedure and inference such that the bulk of existing findings must be called into question. Pedigree studies are ruined by selective adoption, the use of "throw-away kids" to demonstrate so-called genetic effects, lack of case history data, and lapses in(More)
Group therapists working with psychiatric inpatients must deal with problems unique to that setting. First, group members are usually in the hospital and the group involuntarily. They need to be recruited to attend the meetings. Second, inpatients tend to use the group as a private forum for communication with the leader. They need to be inducted into the(More)
In the course of studying the outcome of treatment for severely disturbed schizophrenics on a special ward, the authors encountered three instances of suicide with many features in common. All three cases involved young Hispanic male patients who demonstrated pathologically symbiotic relationships with their mothers. None had a history of overt suicide(More)
The authors examine the issue of involuntary hospitalization for mental illness with particular reference to legal rights and civil liberties. Follow-up data of patients treated on a closed ward, as well as other available evidence, indicate that society is not ready for the abolition of involuntary hospitalization. The authors believe that the most(More)
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