Andrew P Somlyo

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An 80-kDa protein, prominently expressed in smooth muscle, was microsequenced and identified as LPP, the product of the lipoma-preferred partner gene (Petit MMR, Mols R, Schoenmakers EFPM, Mandahl N, and Van de Ven WJM. Genomics 36: 118-129, 1996). Using a specific anti-LPP antibody, we showed, in Western blots and with immunofluorescence microscopy, the(More)
Calcium sensitization in smooth muscle is mediated by the RhoA GTPase, activated by hitherto unspecified nucleotide exchange factors (GEFs) acting downstream of Galphaq/Galpha(12/13) trimeric G proteins. Here, we show that at least one potential GEF, the PDZRhoGEF, is present in smooth muscle, and its isolated DH/PH fragment induces calcium sensitization in(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of inhibitors of Rho kinase (ROK) and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) on angiogenesis and tumor growth and to evaluate ROK activity in human prostate cancer PC3 cells and endothelial cells (HUVECs). Vacuolation by endothelial cells and lumen formation, the earliest detectable stages of angiogenesis,(More)
Telokin, a 17 kDa smooth muscle specific protein, consists of the C-terminal domain of MLCK, is phosphorylated by PKA and PKG at Ser13 in vivo (Wu et al. (1998) J Biol Chem 273: 11362-11369; Walker et al. (2001) J. Biol Chem 276: 24519-24524) and is proposed to induce Ca2+-desensitization through activation of myosin phosphatase (Wu et al. (1998) J. Biol(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine whether steric blockage of one head by the second head of native two-headed myosin was responsible for the inactivity of nonphosphorylated two-headed myosin compared with the high activity of single-headed myosin, as suggested on the basis of electron microscopy of two-dimensional crystals of heavy meromyosin(More)
BACKGROUND Ion channel remodeling occurs during atrial fibrillation (AF); however, the extent of alteration in the subcellular distribution of elements (Na, K, Cl, Ca, Mg, P) is unknown. Electron probe microanalysis was used to determine the total (free+bound) in vivo subcellular concentration of these elements during AF. METHODS AND RESULTS The left(More)
Electron probe analysis of dry cryosections was used to determine the composition of the cytoplasm and organelles of rabbit portal-anterior mesenteric vein (PAMV) smooth muscle. All analytical values given are in mmol/kg wt-+ SEM. Hence, the sum of intracellular Na + K exceeded cytoplasmic C1 by 500 mmol/kg dry wt, while the calculated total, nondiffusible(More)
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