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Amateur choral singing is a common pastime and worthy of study, possibly conferring benefits to health and social behaviour. Participants might be expected to possess musical ability and share some behavioural characteristics. Polymorphisms in genes concerned with serotonergic neurotransmission are associated with both behaviour and musical aptitude. Those(More)
We investigated the performance of a closed-loop system for administration of general anaesthesia, using the bispectral index as a target for control. One hundred patients undergoing gynaecological or general surgery were studied. In 60 patients, anaesthesia was maintained by intravenous infusion of a propofol/alfentanil mixture. In 40, an(More)
The Helicopter Emergency Medical Service (HEMS) began operating from the Royal London Hospital in 1989. It remains the only medically staffed helicopter for the retrieval of major trauma victims in the UK. Its aim is to optimize early management and ensure rapid transport to appropriate specialist centres. When necessary, patients are anaesthetized, the(More)
BACKGROUND Prolonged preoperative fasting might be expected to exacerbate hypotension during the induction of general anesthesia. We aimed to establish whether the duration of preoperative abstinence from fluids independently contributed to arterial blood pressure changes and dosage requirements during propofol induction. METHODS We prospectively(More)
UNLABELLED We conducted a prospective, randomized, controlled trial to establish the effect of epidural blockade on isoflurane requirements for equivalent intraoperative electroencephalographic (EEG) suppression. Fifty patients undergoing abdominal hysterectomy received combined epidural and general anesthesia or general anesthesia alone with isoflurane and(More)
We studied sedation scores, the processed electroencephalogram and mean arterial pressure pre-operatively in patients before and after spinal (n = 15) and lumbar epidural (n = 15) anaesthesia. We compared them with changes occurring over time in a control group (n = 15), using the responsiveness component of the Observer Assessment of Alertness and Sedation(More)
This study compared the haemodynamic effects of subarachnoid block with plain bupivacaine 0.5% (dextrose-free), heavy bupivacaine 0.5% (in dextrose 8%) and a mixture of these two solutions, i.e. bupivacaine 0.5% in dextrose 4%. Thirty-six male patients, aged 55-89 years, undergoing transurethral surgery were recruited. Invasive systolic arterial and central(More)
Ophthalmic surgeons often apply phenylephrine topically to effect pupillary dilatation. We describe a paediatric patient in whom cardiac arrhythmias, severe hypertension and pulmonary oedema occurred following intraoperative ocular phenylephrine administration. We believe that systemic absorption of the drug was responsible and discuss ways in which this(More)
In this prospective study, we investigated the effects of anxiety on the induction dose of propofol and subsequent cardiovascular changes in 197 patients. Pre-operative state and trait anxiety scores were measured using the State Trait Anxiety Inventory. Propofol was administered at 40 mg x kg(-1) x h(-1). Propofol dose was recorded at loss of verbal(More)