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This absorbance plate-reader-based assay is suitable for the examination of monoamine oxidase and copper amine oxidase activities versus numerous substrates. The assay is robust, continuous, rapid, highly quantitative, reasonably sensitive, inexpensive and suitable for automation. In the presence of a suitable amine substrate, amine oxidase enzymes generate(More)
Monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitors have been used for many years in the treatment of psychiatric and neurological disorders. More recently, some of these drugs and their analogues have been shown to have neuroprotective and neurorescue effects in several models of neurologic insult, including in vitro and in vivo models of cerebral ischemia. This review(More)
Clonidine-displacing substance, thought to be the endogenous ligand for imidazoline receptors, has been identified recently as agmatine (1-amino-4-guanidinobutane). The similarity of this compound's structure to that of the diamine oxidase (DAO) inhibitor, aminoguanidine, led us to investigate the possibility that agmatine might be a substrate for this(More)
We and others have observed that substrates for copper-containing amine oxidases cause substrate inhibition at high concentrations. Through use of a novel "pseudoquantitative" rapid equilibrium approach, kinetic analyses with human and bovine enzymes indicate that these effects are consistent with substrates binding to oxidised and reduced enzyme forms.(More)
An electron-capture gas chromatographic procedure was developed for the analysis of p-trifluoromethylphenol, an O-dealkylated metabolite of fluoxetine, in biological samples. A basic extraction of the biological sample was employed, followed by derivatization with pentafluorobenzenesulfonyl chloride. The internal standard, 2,4-dichlorophenol, was added to(More)
The exit of antigen-presenting cells and lymphocytes from inflamed skin to afferent lymph is vital for the initiation and maintenance of dermal immune responses. How such an exit is achieved and how cells transmigrate the distinct endothelium of lymphatic vessels are unknown. We show that inflammatory cytokines trigger activation of dermal lymphatic(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The recruitment of lymphocytes to tissues via endothelium has been studied extensively but less is known about the signals that direct migration and positioning within tissues. Liver myofibroblasts associate with lymphocytes in hepatitis and are positioned below the sinusoidal endothelium, through which lymphocytes are recruited to the(More)
Matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) has emerged as a key protease in various pathologies associated with oxidative stress, including myocardial ischemia-reperfusion, heart failure or inflammation. Peroxynitrite (ONOO(-)), an important effector of oxidative stress, was reported to activate some full length MMP zymogens, particularly in the presence of(More)
UNLABELLED The liver contains macrophages and myeloid dendritic cells (mDCs) that are critical for the regulation of hepatic inflammation. Most hepatic macrophages and mDCs are derived from monocytes recruited from the blood through poorly understood interactions with hepatic sinusoidal endothelial cells (HSECs). Human CD16(+) monocytes are thought to(More)
Disposable plasticware such as test tubes, pipette tips, and multiwell assay or culture plates are used routinely in most biological research laboratories. Manufacturing of plastics requires the inclusion of numerous chemicals to enhance stability, durability, and performance. Some lubricating (slip) agents, exemplified by oleamide, also occur endogenously(More)