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Over the last decade, there have been huge increases in the numbers of protein sequences and structures determined. In parallel, many methods have been developed for recognising similarities between these proteins, arising from their common evolutionary background, and for clustering such relatives into protein families. Here we review some of the protein(More)
The CATH database of protein domain structures (http://www.biochem.ucl.ac.uk/bsm/cath/) currently contains 43,229 domains classified into 1467 superfamilies and 5107 sequence families. Each structural family is expanded with sequence relatives from GenBank and completed genomes, using a variety of efficient sequence search protocols and reliable thresholds.(More)
We report the latest release (version 1.6) of the CATH protein domains database (http://www.biochem.ucl. ac.uk/bsm/cath ). This is a hierarchical classification of 18 577 domains into evolutionary families and structural groupings. We have identified 1028 homo-logous superfamilies in which the proteins have both structural, and sequence or functional(More)
The CATH database of protein domain structures (http://www.biochem.ucl.ac.uk/bsm/cath_new) currently contains 34 287 domain structures classified into 1383 superfamilies and 3285 sequence families. Each structural family is expanded with domain sequence relatives recruited from GenBank using a variety of efficient sequence search protocols and reliable(More)
We demonstrate a SIMD C++ genetic programming system on a single 128 node parallel nVidia GeForce 8800 GTX GPU under RapidMind's GPGPU Linux software by predicting ten year+ outcome of breast cancer from a dataset containing a million inputs. NCBI GEO GSE3494 contains hundreds of Affymetrix HG-U133A and HG-U133B GeneChip biopsies. Multiple GP runs each with(More)
In order to support the structural genomic initiatives, both by rapidly classifying newly determined structures and by suggesting suitable targets for structure determination, we have recently developed several new protocols for classifying structures in the CATH domain database (http://www.biochem.ucl.ac.uk/bsm/cath). These aim to increase the speed of(More)
BACKGROUND Affymetrix High Density Oligonuclotide Arrays (HDONA) simultaneously measure expression of thousands of genes using millions of probes. We use correlations between measurements for the same gene across 6685 human tissue samples from NCBI's GEO database to indicated the quality of individual HG-U133A probes. Low correlation indicates a poor probe.(More)
BACKGROUND Affymetrix GeneChip technology enables the parallel observations of tens of thousands of genes. It is important that the probe set annotations are reliable so that biological inferences can be made about genes which undergo differential expression. Probe sets representing the same gene might be expected to show similar fold changes/z-scores,(More)
This paper reports a graph-theoretic program, GRATH, that rapidly, and accurately, matches a novel structure against a library of domain structures to find the most similar ones. GRATH generates distributions of scores by comparing the novel domain against the different types of folds that have been classified previously in the CATH database of structural(More)
We present CATHEDRAL, an iterative protocol for determining the location of previously observed protein folds in novel multidomain protein structures. CATHEDRAL builds on the features of a fast secondary-structure-based method (using graph theory) to locate known folds within a multidomain context and a residue-based, double-dynamic programming algorithm,(More)