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BACKGROUND & AIMS Mutations in the NOD2 gene are strongly associated with susceptibility to Crohn's disease (CD). We analyzed a large cohort of European patients with inflammatory bowel disease to determine which mutations confer susceptibility, the degree of risk conferred, their prevalence in familial and sporadic forms of the disease, and whether they(More)
Background Genetic predisposition to inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has been shown by epidemiological and linkage studies. Genetic linkage of IBD to chromosome 16 has been previously observed and replicated in independent populations. The recently identified NOD2 gene is a good positional and functional candidate gene since it is located in the region of(More)
Leigh Syndrome (LS) is a severe neurological disorder characterized by bilaterally symmetrical necrotic lesions in subcortical brain regions that is commonly associated with systemic cytochrome c oxidase (COX) deficiency. COX deficiency is an autosomal recessive trait and most patients belong to a single genetic complementation group. DNA sequence analysis(More)
We have studied cultured skin fibroblasts from three siblings and one unrelated individual, all of whom had fatal mitochondrial disease manifesting soon after birth. After incubation with 1 mM glucose, these four cell strains exhibited lactate/pyruvate ratios that were six times greater than those of controls. On further analysis, enzymatic activities of(More)
Heritable predisposition to inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has been demonstrated by epidemiological and genetic analysis. Linkage of IBD to broad regions of chromosome 16 has been established by analysis of multiple populations. NOD2, located on proximal 16q, was recently identified as an IBD gene. As the linkage regions on chromosome 16 are large, we(More)
Immortalization is a prerequisite for the clonal evolution and malignant transformation of normal mammalian cells in culture. In order to gain a mechanistic insight into the genetics of carcinogen-induced cellular immortality, a cell culture assay has been developed based on the use of freshly explanted Syrian hamster dermal (SHD) fibroblasts. The relative(More)
Human ribosomal gene repeats are distributed among five nucleolar organizer regions (NORs) on the p arms of acrocentric chromosomes. On exit from mitosis, nucleoli form around individual active NORs. As cells progress through the cycle, these mini-nucleoli fuse to form large nucleoli incorporating multiple NORs. It is generally assumed that nucleolar(More)
It is frequent for news items to lead to a short lived temporary increase in interest in a particular health related service, however it is rare for this to have a long lasting effect. In 2013, in the UK in particular, there has been unprecedented publicity in hereditary breast cancer, with Angelina Jolie’s decision to have genetic testing for the BRCA1(More)
Telomerase is crucial for human carcinogenesis. The limiting component of telomerase activity is telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT), undetectable in differentiated somatic cells but present in most tumor cells. There is evidence that hTERT transcription is shut down by a repressor in normal cells, but the mechanisms that turn on or maintain expression(More)
Human:rodent somatic cell hybrids carrying a single, intact, selectable human chromosome are valuable both for functional somatic cell genetic analysis and genome mapping procedures. Here, we describe the construction and detailed molecular cytogenetic characterization of a panel of 23 stable hybrids, representing all 22 human autosomes plus the(More)