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The term aspirin resistance has been used increasingly in clinical studies. The aim of this Review is to analyze the origin of this term, to discuss the biochemical, functional and clinical correlates of the phenomenon and to offer a conceptual framework to redefine the major determinants of variability between individuals in response to aspirin. Awareness(More)
BACKGROUND Women receive less evidence-based medical care than men and have higher rates of death after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). It is unclear whether efforts undertaken to improve AMI care have mitigated these sex disparities in the current era. METHODS AND RESULTS Using the Get With the Guidelines-Coronary Artery Disease database, we examined(More)
H umans require rapidly responding, tightly regulated hemostasis because of their closed high-pressure circulatory system. Minor variation in response may predispose to pathological bleeding or thrombosis. In the appropriate setting , pharmacological intervention with antiplatelet therapy stabilizes the atherothrombotic phenotype, though with con-comitant(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to investigate the long-term safety and efficacy of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation for unprotected left main coronary artery (ULMCA) disease. BACKGROUND Long-term clinical outcomes after DES implantation for ULMCA disease have not yet been ascertained. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid) irreversibly inhibits platelet cyclooxygenase (COX)-1, the enzyme that converts arachidonic acid (AA) to the potent platelet agonist thromboxane (TX) A2. Despite clear benefit from aspirin in patients with cardiovascular disease (CAD), evidence of heterogeneity in the way individuals respond has given rise to the(More)
Endoglin is a proliferation-associated and hypoxia-inducible protein expressed in endothelial cells. The levels of soluble circulating endoglin and their prognostic significance in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) are not known. In this observational prospective study serum endoglin levels were measured by ELISA in 183 AMI patients upon(More)
Patients with mitral stenosis with severe pulmonary hypertension constitute a high-risk subset for surgical commissurotomy or valve replacement. The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of elevated pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) on percutaneous mitral valvuloplasty (PMV) procedural success, short- and long-term clinical outcomes (i.e.,(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Aspirin resistance may be relatively common and associated with adverse outcome. Meta-analysis has clearly shown that 75 mg plain aspirin is the lowest effective dose; however, it is not known whether the recent increased use of enteric-coated aspirin could account for aspirin resistance. This study was designed to determine whether(More)
Coronary atherosclerosis (CAD), a chronic inflammatory disorder, arises when genetic susceptibility, intercurrent conditions such as diabetes and hypertension and environmental factors interact. Although CAD can remain stable for many years, thrombus formation at sites of plaque rupture may lead to unstable angina (UA) or myocardial infarction (MI). Already(More)
Aspirin and clopidogrel provide significant clinical benefit in patients with cardiovascular disease. However, given the complexity of platelet activation, it is not surprising that aspirin or clopidogrel prevent a small proportion of cardiovascular events. Of late, the terms aspirin and clopidogrel "resistance" have entered the physicians' lexicon, and(More)