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The term aspirin resistance has been used increasingly in clinical studies. The aim of this Review is to analyze the origin of this term, to discuss the biochemical, functional and clinical correlates of the phenomenon and to offer a conceptual framework to redefine the major determinants of variability between individuals in response to aspirin. Awareness(More)
BACKGROUND Aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid) irreversibly inhibits platelet cyclooxygenase (COX)-1, the enzyme that converts arachidonic acid (AA) to the potent platelet agonist thromboxane (TX) A2. Despite clear benefit from aspirin in patients with cardiovascular disease (CAD), evidence of heterogeneity in the way individuals respond has given rise to the(More)
BACKGROUND Women receive less evidence-based medical care than men and have higher rates of death after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). It is unclear whether efforts undertaken to improve AMI care have mitigated these sex disparities in the current era. METHODS AND RESULTS Using the Get With the Guidelines-Coronary Artery Disease database, we examined(More)
H umans require rapidly responding, tightly regulated hemostasis because of their closed high-pressure circulatory system. Minor variation in response may predispose to pathological bleeding or thrombosis. In the appropriate setting , pharmacological intervention with antiplatelet therapy stabilizes the atherothrombotic phenotype, though with con-comitant(More)
Coronary atherosclerosis (CAD), a chronic inflammatory disorder, arises when genetic susceptibility, intercurrent conditions such as diabetes and hypertension and environmental factors interact. Although CAD can remain stable for many years, thrombus formation at sites of plaque rupture may lead to unstable angina (UA) or myocardial infarction (MI). Already(More)
BACKGROUND The short- and long-term vascular risks and hemodynamic benefits of antegrade versus retrograde percutaneous aortic balloon valvuloplasty (PAV) have not been clearly established. With the advent of percutaneous aortic valve replacement strategies, more valvuloplasties are being performed. The antegrade approach may reduce vascular complications,(More)
Endoglin is a proliferation-associated and hypoxia-inducible protein expressed in endothelial cells. The levels of soluble circulating endoglin and their prognostic significance in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) are not known. In this observational prospective study serum endoglin levels were measured by ELISA in 183 AMI patients upon(More)
Patients with mitral stenosis with severe pulmonary hypertension constitute a high-risk subset for surgical commissurotomy or valve replacement. The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of elevated pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) on percutaneous mitral valvuloplasty (PMV) procedural success, short- and long-term clinical outcomes (i.e.,(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Aspirin resistance may be relatively common and associated with adverse outcome. Meta-analysis has clearly shown that 75 mg plain aspirin is the lowest effective dose; however, it is not known whether the recent increased use of enteric-coated aspirin could account for aspirin resistance. This study was designed to determine whether(More)
OBJECTIVES We investigated whether use of low-dose enteric-coated (EC) aspirin for secondary prevention of cardiovascular events has sufficient bioavailability to achieve complete platelet cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibition in all individuals. BACKGROUND Aspirin reduces cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in patients with pre-existing vascular disease;(More)