Andrew Nimitz Cornforth

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Despite recent advances, median survival for patients with resectable glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is only 12 to 15 months. We previously observed minimal toxicity and a 9.0-month median survival after treatment with intralesional autologous lymphokine-activated killer (LAK) cells in 40 patients with recurrent GBM. In this study, GBM patients were treated(More)
Cell lines are valuable resources for the study of the malignancy and potential therapy of human breast cancer. A major problem with adapting fresh breast tumor specimens to grow in vitro is contamination by fibroblasts. Previously, we have reported a technique to overcome this problem (Nayak, S. K; Dillman, R. O. Clin. Biotechnol. 3:237–242; 1991). We have(More)
UNLABELLED Between January 2001 and September 2007, we treated 54 metastatic melanoma patients with patient-specific tumor cell vaccines consisting of dendritic cells (DCS), derived from their peripheral blood cells that were cultured in interleukin (IL)-4 and granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), which had phagocytosed irradiated(More)
Big Potassium (BK) ion channels have several splice variants. One splice variant initially described within human glioma cells is called the glioma BK channel (gBK). Using a gBK-specific antibody, we detected gBK within three human small cell lung cancer (SCLC) lines. Electrophysiology revealed that functional membrane channels were found on the SCLC cells.(More)
Androgen-withdrawal-induced apoptosis (AWIA) is deregulated in androgen refractory prostate cancer. Androgens have been shown to positively regulate expression of the antiapoptotic FADD-like interleukin-1β-converting enzyme (FLICE)-like inhibitory protein (FLIP), and reduced FLIP expression precedes apoptosis after androgen withdrawal. Here, we show that(More)
BACKGROUND Immunotherapy for human hepatocellular cancer (HCC) is slowly making progress towards treating these fatal cancers. The identification of new antigens can improve this approach. We describe a possible new antigen, hepatocellular carcinoma-associated antigen-519/targeting protein for Xklp-2 (HCA519/TPX2), for HCC that might be beneficial for(More)
OBJECTIVE We have tried to establish short-term cultures of autologous tumors from patients with renal cell carcinoma that could be used as active specific immunotherapy (i.e., autologous vaccine) in such patients after resection of primary kidney cancer, and/or for the treatment of metastatic cancer. METHODS Between 10/90 and 9/99 the cell biology(More)
Previously, a 54% 5-year survival was reported for metastatic melanoma patients treated with patient-specific vaccines consisting of autologous dendritic cells loaded with antigens from autologous proliferating tumor cells. This study attempted to determine which clinical and laboratory factors best explained long-term survival in this group of patients.(More)
INTRODUCTION There are now two chemotherapy agents, one tyrosine kinase inhibitor and three immunotherapy products approved for the treatment of metastatic melanoma, but an unmet need persists because these options are toxic and of limited therapeutic benefit. Active specific immunotherapy with therapeutic vaccines could be a useful addition to the(More)
Big potassium (BK) ion channels have several spliced variants. One spliced variant initially described within human glioma cells is the glioma BK (gBK) channel. This isoform consists of 34 aa inserted into the intracellular region of the basic BK ion channel. PCR primers specific for this inserted region confirmed that human glioma cell lines and freshly(More)