Andrew Naylor

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BACKGROUND Carotid angioplasty (CA) has been suggested to be a safer and more cost-effective alternative to carotid endarterectomy (CEA) in the management of symptomatic severe internal carotid artery (ICA) disease. METHODS The study was conducted as a prospective consecutive randomized trial of CEA versus CA for symptomatic severe ICA disease in a(More)
OBJECTIVES to determine the overall cardiovascular risk for patients with combined cardiac and carotid artery disease undergoing synchronous coronary artery bypass (CABG) and carotid endarterectomy (CEA), staged CEA then CABG and reverse staged CABG then CEA. DESIGN systematic review of 97 published studies following 8972 staged or synchronous operations.(More)
OBJECTIVES to determine the role of carotid artery disease in the pathophysiology of stroke after coronary artery bypass (CABG). DESIGN systematic review of the literature. RESULTS the risk of stroke after CABG was 2% and remained unchanged between 1970-2000. Two-thirds occurred after day 1 and 23% died. 91% of screened CABG patients had no significant(More)
A study was performed to investigate the clinical significance of microembolization detected by transcranial Doppler ultrasonography (TCD) by determining the quantity and character of emboli and correlating these with neurological and psychometric outcome, fundoscopy, automated visual field testing and computed tomographic brain scans in 100 consecutive(More)
The technique of subintimal angioplasty has been attempted on 200 consecutive femoropopliteal artery occlusions of median (range) length 11 (2-37) cm. The principle of the technique is to traverse the occlusion in the subintimal plane and recanalise by inflating the angioplasty balloon within the subintimal space. The technical success rate was 159/200(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Conventional methods of assessing cerebrovascular reactivity (CVR) omit the influence of blood pressure (BP). This study demonstrates the significant influence of BP during the assessment of CVR in patients with carotid artery disease. METHODS In 56 subjects the CVR was bilaterally assessed by measurement of cerebral blood flow(More)
PURPOSE Prosthetic graft infection after aortic aneurysm surgery is a life-threatening complication. Treatment options include total graft excision and extra-anatomic bypass grafting or in situ replacement of the graft. The latter option is gaining increasing popularity, but the long-term outcome remains uncertain, particularly in light of the increasing(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine if significant increases in middle cerebral artery velocity (MCAV) or pulsatility index (PI) during and immediately after carotid endarterectomy (CEA) were predictive of patients suffering a stroke due to the hyperperfusion syndrome (HS) or intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH). METHODS Transcranial Doppler (TCD) mean/peak MCAV and PI(More)
BACKGROUND The fibrous cap of atherosclerotic plaques is composed predominantly of type I and III collagen. Unstable carotid plaques are characterized by rupture of their cap, leading to thromboembolism and stroke. The proteolytic mechanisms causing plaque disruption are undefined, but the collagenolytic matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) -1, -8, and -13 may be(More)
Although there is level I evidence supporting the role of carotid endarterectomy (CEA) in patients with asymptomatic disease, opinion remains polarised regarding what constitutes optimal management, especially as carotid artery stenting (CAS) has emerged as a less invasive alternative. Reasons for this lack of consensus amongst surgeons, interventionists,(More)