Andrew N. Ginn

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Results: All of the lungs showed evidence of severe bronchospasm after methacholine challenge. Prospective definition of ‘heliox response’ was a 15% or greater improvement in lung function in the lung receiving heliox compared with the matched lung receiving nitrox. Seven out of 10 pigs responded to heliox therapy with respect to resistance and eight out of(More)
The notification of "Gram-positive cocci, possibly staphylococcus" in a blood culture drawn from a seriously ill patient is responsible for a large amount of vancomycin prescribing in institutions where methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is an important cause of bacteraemia. A duplex real-time TaqMan polymerase chain reaction targeting the(More)
Complete sequencing of pEl1573, a representative IncL/M plasmid carrying bla(IMP-4) from Sydney, Australia, revealed an ∼60-kb backbone almost identical to those of IncL/M plasmids pCTX-M3, from Poland, and pCTX-M360, from China, and less closely related to pNDM-HK, pOXA-48a, and pEL60, suggesting different lineages. The ∼28-kb Tn2-derived multiresistance(More)
Investigation of plasmid-borne AmpC β-lactamase genes in Escherichia coli and Klebsiella spp. revealed blaCMY-2-like genes predominantly in E. coli and blaDHA genes equally distributed between both species. This distribution remained stable over time, but blaACT/MIR-like genes, initially common in Klebsiella spp., were not identified in more recent isolates.
We describe the success of adjunctive bacteriophage therapy for refractory Pseudomonas aeruginosa urinary tract infection in the context of bilateral ureteric stents and bladder ulceration, after repeated failure of antibiotics alone. No bacteriophage-resistant bacteria arose, and the kinetics of bacteriophage and bacteria in urine suggest self-sustaining(More)
blaNDM genes, encoding metallo-β-lactamases providing resistance to carbapenems, have been reported in many locations since the initial report in 2008, including in several Enterobacteriaceae isolates in Australia/New Zealand. Here, we compare 4 additional carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae carrying blaNDM-1 isolated in Australia. Two are sequence(More)
BACKGROUND Antibiotic homogeneity is thought to drive resistance but in vivo data are lacking. In this study, we determined the impact of antibiotic homogeneity per se, and of cefepime versus antipseudomonal penicillin/β-lactamase inhibitor combinations (APP-β), on the likelihood of infection or colonisation with antibiotic resistant bacteria and/or two(More)
BACKGROUND Many questions remain concerning the burden, risk factors and impact of bacterial and viral co-infection in patients with pandemic influenza admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU). OBJECTIVES To examine the burden, risk factors and impact of bacterial and viral co-infection in Australian patients with severe influenza. PATIENTS/METHODS A(More)
An assay to detect Strongyloides stercoralis in stool specimens was developed using the loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) method. Primers were based on the 28S ribosomal subunit gene. The reaction conditions were optimized and SYTO-82 fluorescent dye was used to allow real-time and visual detection of the product. The product identity was(More)