Andrew McDonald Johnston

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The Ebola virus disease epidemic in West Africa is the largest on record, responsible for over 28,599 cases and more than 11,299 deaths. Genome sequencing in viral outbreaks is desirable to characterize the infectious agent and determine its evolutionary rate. Genome sequencing also allows the identification of signatures of host adaptation, identification(More)
Severe sepsis and septic shock is common and frequently fatal. Over the last few years, the primary treatments demonstrated to improve outcome from several major clinical trials have finally emerged. However, translating these recent therapeutic advances to routine clinical practice has proven controversial, and new approaches of additional strategies are(More)
. Interstitial laser photocoagulation (ILP) and interstitial photodynamic therapy (PDT) involve delivery of light to lesions in solid organs using thin fibres passed through needles inserted percutaneously under image guidance. In ILP, the laser energy heats the tissue, whereas in PDT it activates a previously administered photosensitising agent. This study(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF alpha), a potential regulator of HIV-1 replication, is involved in the progression of AIDS and associated disorders such as muscle wasting, fever and gastrointestinal problems. HIV-seropositive patients were assigned to receive zidovudine (ZDV; 100 mg 4-5 times/d) alone (n = 14), pentoxifylline (PTX; 400 mg every 8 h), a(More)
In situations with relatively small numbers of patients with pulmonary blast injury aggressive modern intensive care treatment may allow a return to normal function. The additional effects of radiation poisoning are more difficult to factor in, but new treatments such as colony stimulating factors may improve the outlook for a group with moderate to severe(More)
In October 2014 the UK military deployed to Sierra Leone to provide care for healthcare workers affected by Ebola virus disease. A training package designed by the Army Medical Services Training Centre prepared the deploying personnel in the required infection prevention and control measures. The training used ultraviolet tracer to provide validation of the(More)
The UK contribution to the Ebola epidemic in west Africa has been run by the Department for International Development, with major support from the British military. We now have around 800 troops in Sierra Leone including the primary casualty receiving ship the RFA (Royal Fleet Auxiliary) Argus offshore as a logistic support platform. Soldiers from the UK(More)