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- John D. Lafferty, Andrew McCallum, Fernando Pereira
- ICML
- 2001

We present conditional random fields , a framework for building probabilistic models to segment and label sequence data. Conditional random fields offer several advantages over hidden Markov models and stochastic grammars for such tasks, including the ability to relax strong independence assumptions made in those models. Conditional random fields also avoid… (More)

Recent approaches to text classification have used two different first-order probabilistic models for classification, both of which make the naive Bayes assumption. Some use a multi-variate Bernoulli model, that is, a Bayesian Network with no dependencies between words and binary word features (e.g. Larkey and Croft 1996; Koller and Sahami 1997). Others use… (More)

- Andrew McCallum, Dayne Freitag, Fernando Pereira
- ICML
- 2000

Hidden Markov models (HMMs) are a powerful probabilistic tool for modeling sequential data, and have been applied with success to many text-related tasks, such as part-of-speech tagging, text segmentation and information extraction. In these cases, the observations are usually modeled as multinomial distributions over a discrete vocabulary, and the HMM… (More)

1.1 Introduction Relational data has two characteristics: first, statistical dependencies exist between the entities we wish to model, and second, each entity often has a rich set of features that can aid classification. For example, when classifying Web documents, the page's text provides much information about the class label, but hyperlinks define a… (More)

- Xuerui Wang, Andrew McCallum
- KDD
- 2006

This paper presents an LDA-style topic model that captures not only the low-dimensional structure of data, but also how the structure changes over time. Unlike other recent work that relies on Markov assumptions or discretization of time, here each topic is associated with a continuous distribution over timestamps, and for each generated document, the… (More)

- Nicholas Roy, Andrew McCallum
- ICML
- 2001

This paper presents an active learning method that directly optimizes expected future error. This is in contrast to many other popular techniques that instead aim to reduce version space size. These other methods are popular because for many learning models, closed form calculation of the expected future error is intractable. Our approach is made feasible… (More)

- Andrew McCallum, Kamal Nigam, Lyle H. Ungar
- KDD
- 2000

Many important problems involve clustering large datasets. Although naive implementations of clustering are computationally expensive, there are established efficient techniques for clustering when the dataset has either (1) a limited number of clusters, (2) a low feature dimensionality, or (3) a small number of data points. However, there has been much… (More)

This paper proposes the use of maximum entropy techniques for text classification. Maximum entropy is a probability distribution estimation technique widely used for a variety of natural language tasks, such as language modeling, part-of-speech tagging, and text segmentation. The underlying principle of maximum entropy is that without external knowledge,… (More)

- L. Douglas Baker, Andrew McCallum
- SIGIR
- 1998

This paper describes the application of Distributional Clustering [20] to document classification. This approach clusters words into groups based on the distribution of class labels associated with each word. Thus, unlike some other unsupervised dimensionalityreduction techniques, such as Latent Semantic Indexing, we are able to compress the feature space… (More)

- Sebastian Riedel, Limin Yao, Andrew McCallum
- ECML/PKDD
- 2010

Several recent works on relation extraction have been applying the distant supervision paradigm: instead of relying on annotated text to learn how to predict relations, they employ existing knowledge bases (KBs) as source of supervision. Crucially, these approaches are trained based on the assumption that each sentence which mentions the two related… (More)