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The twitcher mouse is an animal model of galactosylceramidase deficiency (Krabbe's disease), a human sphingolipidosis. The effects of hematopoietic cell transplantation as potential enzyme replacement therapy were examined in the twitcher mouse. Survival in twitcher mice with transplants was significantly prolonged and was associated with gradual repair of(More)
Progression of the neuropathy in the Twitcher mouse (twi-C57BL/6J), an animal model of globoid cell leukodystrophy, was assessed with serial motor nerve conduction studies from just after birth until near death (day 45) and after hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). Under ether anesthesia, the tibial nerve was stimulated percutaneously at the sacral(More)
An allogeneic bone marrow transplant (BMT) from a normal HLA identical sibling donor was performed in a 13-year-old boy with rapidly progressive adrenoleukodystrophy (ALD). Engraftment and complete hematologic recovery occurred within 4 weeks, but neurologic deterioration continued. The patient died of an adenovirus infection 141 days after BMT. ALD is(More)
Bcl-2 and its homologue, Bcl-x1, encode membrane-associated proteins that protect neoplastic cells from DNA damage-induced apoptosis, whereas Bax is a Bcl-2 antagonist that promotes cell death. In the present study, we examined the expression and regulation of these genes at both the mRNA and protein level in 22 pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL)(More)
After the transplantation of unmodified marrow from human leukocyte antigen-matched unrelated donors receiving cyclosporine (CSP) and methotrexate (MTX), the incidence of acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is greater than 75%. Tacrolimus is a macrolide compound that, in previous preclinical and clinical studies, was effective in combination with MTX for(More)
Fifty children who had symptomatic sickle cell disease received matched sibling marrow allografts between September 1991 and March 1999, with Kaplan-Meier probabilities of survival and event-free survival of 94% and 84%, respectively. Twenty-six patients (16 male, 10 female) had at least 2 years of follow-up after transplantation and were evaluated for late(More)
The wild-type (wt) p53 tumor suppressor gene is commonly inactivated in human malignancies, either by mutations or by loss of expression. An additional proposed mechanism for inactivation of wt-p53 is amplification of the murine double minute 2 (MDM2) gene and overexpression of the MDM2 protein, which binds to p53 and eliminates its tumor suppressor(More)
Phenylbutyrate (PB) is a histone deacetylase inhibitor that has been shown to induce differentiation and apoptosis in various cancer cell lines. Although these effects are most likely due to modulation of gene expression, the specific genes and gene products responsible for the effects of PB are not well characterized. In this study, we used cDNA expression(More)
Non-response of the autonomic orienting response (OR), as indexed jointly by deficient skin conductance (SCR) and finger pulse amplitude responding (FPAR), has been shown to occur with excessive frequency in the schizophrenic population. The present study is an attempt to replicate earlier evidence that SCR-OR and FPAR-OR, when measured in concert, could(More)
Acquired amegakaryocytic thrombocytopenia (AAT) is a rare hematological disorder causing severe thrombocytopenia and bleeding. Previous in vitro studies postulated both cell-mediated suppression of megakaryocytopoiesis in early megakaryocytic progenitor cells and humoral-mediated suppression by anti-thrombopoietin antibodies as possible etiologies of AAT.(More)