Andrew M Tye

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We performed a risk assessment of metal exposure to population subgroups living on, and growing food on, urban sites. We modeled uptake of cadmium, copper, nickel, lead, and zinc for a selection of commonly grown allotment and garden vegetables. Generalized linear cross-validation showed that final predictions of Cd, Cu, Ni, and Zn content of food crops(More)
The technique of diffusive gradients in thin-films (DGT) accumulates metals on a Chelex resin after their diffusive transport through a hydrogel. It lowers metal concentrations in soil solution adjacent to the device and induces resupply of metal associated with the solid phase. DGT devices were deployed in an alluvial gley soil for 21 different time(More)
We investigated several formulations of the ‘free ion activity model’ (FIAM) as a means of describing plant uptake of soil Cd and Zn from contaminated soils. Lolium perenne was grown on a range of urban and metal-spiked agricultural soils selected to provide a wide range of Cd and Zn concentrations, pH values and other physico-chemical properties. Plants(More)
DGT (diffusive gradients in thin films) was used to measure the distribution and rates of exchange of Zn, Cd, and Ni between solid phase and solution in five different soils. Soil texture ranged from sandy loam to clay, pH ranged from 4.9 to 7.1, and organic carbon content ranged from 0.8% to 5.8%. DGT devices continuously remove metal to a Chelex gel layer(More)
An isotopic dilution assay was developed to measure radiolabile As concentration in a diverse range of soils (pH 3.30-7.62; % C = 1.00-6.55). Soils amended with 50 mg of As kg(-1) (as Na2HAsO4 x 7H2O) were incubated for over 800 d in an aerated "microcosm" experiment. After 818 d, radiolabile As ranged from 27 to 57% of total applied As and showed a(More)
Alluvial soils can store a wide range of metal contaminants originating from point and diffuse sources. The biological health of these soils is important as they act as an interface between terrestrial and aquatic environments, therefore playing an important role in maintaining the quality of surface waters. The aim of this work was to examine the lability,(More)
Soils underpin our existence through food production and represent the largest terrestrial carbon store. Understanding soil state-and-change in response to climate and land use change is a major challenge. Our aim is to bridge the science-policy interface by developing a natural capital accounting structure for soil, for example, attempting a mass balance(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to identify any gender-associated differences in the percutaneous treatment of infrageniculate lesions in individuals with chronic critical limb ischemia. METHODS A retrospective chart review was performed on 112 index tibial lesions in 81 consecutive patients operated on from January 2005 to February 2011. All(More)
This paper examines Pb concentrations and sources in soil, grass and heather from the Rookhope catchment in the North Pennines, UK, an area of historical Pb and Zn mining and smelting. Currently, the area has extensive livestock and sports shooting industries. Risk assessment, using the source-pathway-receptor paradigm, requires the quantification of source(More)
Tree barks and attic dusts were examined as historical archives of smelter emissions, with the aim of elucidating the pathways of pollution associated with a plume of Sn and Pb contamination in top soils, found close to the former Capper Pass smelter, Humberside, UK. Samples were collected from three villages within the area of the contamination plume.(More)