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We present rna22, a method for identifying microRNA binding sites and their corresponding heteroduplexes. Rna22 does not rely upon cross-species conservation, is resilient to noise, and, unlike previous methods, it first finds putative microRNA binding sites in the sequence of interest, then identifies the targeting microRNA. Computationally, we show that(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short RNAs that direct messenger RNA degradation or disrupt mRNA translation in a sequence-dependent manner. For more than a decade, attempts to study the interaction of miRNAs with their targets were confined to the 3' untranslated regions of mRNAs, fuelling an underlying assumption that these regions are the principal recipients of(More)
Regulation of gene expression is essential for the homeostasis of an organism, playing a pivotal role in cellular proliferation, differentiation, and response to specific stimuli. Multiple studies over the last two decades have demonstrated that the modulation of mRNA stability plays an important role in regulating gene expression. The stability of a given(More)
Hundreds of microRNAs (miRNAs) are expressed in mammalian cells, where they aid in modulating gene expression by mediating mRNA transcript cleavage and/or regulation of translation rate. Functional studies to date have demonstrated that several of these miRNAs are important during development. However, the role of miRNAs in the regulation of stem cell(More)
The androgen receptor (AR) mediates androgen action and plays a central role in the proliferation of specific cancer cells. We demonstrated recently that AR mRNA stability is a major determinant of AR gene expression in prostate and breast cancer cells and that androgens differentially regulate AR mRNA decay dependent on cell type (Yeap, B. B., Kreuger, R.(More)
Iron plays a central role in the metabolism of all cells. This is evident by its major contribution to many diverse functions, such as DNA replication, bacterial pathogenicity, photosynthesis, oxidative stress control and cell proliferation. In mammalian systems, control of intracellular iron homeostasis is largely due to posttranscriptional regulation of(More)
Intracellular iron homeostasis is regulated, in part, by interactions between iron-regulatory proteins (IRP1 and IRP2) and iron-responsive elements (IREs) in ferritin and transferrin receptor mRNAs. In addition to iron, cellular oxidative stress induced by H(2)O(2), nitric oxide, and hypoxia, and hormonal activation by thyroid hormone and erythropoeitin(More)
Despite promoting growth in many cell types, epidermal growth factor (EGF) induces growth inhibition in a variety of cancer cells that overexpress its receptor. The cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p21(WAF1) is a central component of this pathway. We found in human MDA-468 breast cancer cells that EGF up-regulates p21(WAF1) mRNA and protein, through a(More)
In this study, we investigated the effect of atorvastatin, an HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor and CL277082, an ACAT inhibitor, on apolipoprotein B48 synthesis, degradation and secretion in transformed human intestinal enterocytes (CaCo2 cells). Cells were incubated with atorvastatin or CL277082 in the absence or presence of sterol containing media and pulsed(More)
Regulating gene expression from DNA to protein is a complex multistage process with multiple control mechanisms. Transcriptional regulation has been considered the major control point of protein production in eukaryotic cells; however, there is growing evidence of pivotal posttranscriptional regulation for many genes. This has prompted extensive(More)