Andrew M Scutt

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The role of adult mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) in tissue maintenance and regeneration has received significant attention of late. Questions arise to what extent these cells are either subject to, or causes of aging; whether age-related changes in these cells are due to intrinsic factors or induced by the somatic environment. This review collates and(More)
Striated muscle is a tissue in which gene expression is influenced to a large extent by mechanical signals. This includes the regulation of gene expression-associated muscle fiber phenotype determination, which depends on which protein isoform genes are transcribed, as well as muscle fiber mass accretion, which appears to involve some translational(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) show great promise for use in a variety of cell-based therapies. Because isolated primary mesenchymal stem cells are low in numbers, in vitro expansion is necessary. However, the expansion potential is limited and in vitro aging leads to loss of multipotency and replicative senescence. Stress induced by culture conditions is(More)
In most mesenchymal tissues a subcompartment of multipotent progenitor cells is responsible for the maintenance and repair of the tissue following trauma. With increasing age, the ability of tissues to repair themselves is diminished, which may be due to reduced functional capacity of the progenitor cells. The purpose of this study was to investigate the(More)
MLO-A5 cells are a fully differentiated osteoblastic cell line with the ability to rapidly synthesise mineralised extracellular matrix (ECM). We used MLO-A5 cells to develop a system for studying the mechanical modulation of bone matrix formation in 3D using a cyclic compressive loading stimulus. Polyurethane (PU) open cell foam scaffolds were seeded with(More)
Using electrical stimulation to control force generation and limb immobilization to alter the degree of stretch, we have studied the role of mechanical activity in inducing hypertrophy and in determining fast and slow muscle fibre phenotype. Changes in gene expression were detected by analysing the RNA in hybridization studies employing cDNA probes specific(More)
Prostaglandins (PG) of the E series are known to rapidly undergo non-enzymatic dehydration in culture medium containing serum albumin to produce the cyclopentenone PGs of the A series. We investigated the actions of PGA1 and A2 in the in vitro calcifying fibroblastic-colony forming unit assay which can partially mimic the in vivo anabolic effects of PGE2.(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) derived from young (6 week) and aged (56 week) Wistar rats were cultured at standard (37 degrees C) and reduced (32 degrees C) temperature and compared for age markers and stress levels. (ROS, NO, TBARS, carbonyls, lipofuscin, SOD, GPx, apoptosis, proteasome activity) and heat shock proteins (HSP27, -60, -70, -90). Aged MSCs(More)
Tendons are tough fibrous tissues that facilitate skeletal movement by transferring muscular force to bone. Studies into the effects of mechanical stress on tendons have shown that these can either accelerate healing or cause tendon injuries depending on the load applied. It is known that local strain magnitude and direction play an important role in tendon(More)
Both PGE2 and PTH (1-34) caused a time- and concentration-dependent stimulation of proliferation by embryonic chick periosteal cells. Cells were exposed to the agents for different periods of time, the medium was replaced with fresh medium, and 3H-TdR incorporation was measured after 16 hours. Challenge with 10-6 M prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) or 10-7 M(More)