Andrew M. Lynn

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The two-component system (TCS), which works on the principle of histidine-aspartate phosphorelay signaling, is known to play an important role in diverse physiological processes in lower organisms and has recently emerged as an important signaling system in plants. Employing the tools of bioinformatics, we have characterized TCS signaling candidate genes in(More)
Profile Hidden Markov Models (HMM) are statistical representations of protein families derived from patterns of sequence conservation in multiple alignments and have been used in identifying remote homologues with considerable success. These conservation patterns arise from fold specific signals, shared across multiple families, and function specific(More)
Malaria parasites make specific receptor-ligand interactions to invade erythrocytes. A 175 kDa Plasmodium falciparum erythrocyte binding antigen (EBA-175) binds sialic acid residues on glycophorin A during invasion of human erythrocytes. The receptor-binding domain of EBA-175 lies in a conserved, amino-terminal, cysteine-rich region, region F2 of EBA-175(More)
Various enzyme identification protocols involving homology transfer by sequence-sequence or profile-sequence comparisons have been devised which utilise Swiss-Prot sequences associated with EC numbers as the training set. A profile HMM constructed for a particular EC number might select sequences which perform a different enzymatic function due to the(More)
Theoretical proteome analysis, generated by plotting theoretical isoelectric points (pI) against molecular masses of all proteins encoded by the genome show a multimodal distribution for pI. This multimodal distribution is an effect of allowed combinations of the charged amino acids, and not due to evolutionary causes. The variation in this distribution can(More)
CaMdr1p is a multidrug MFS transporter of pathogenic Candida albicans. An over-expression of the gene encoding this protein is linked to clinically encountered azole resistance. In-depth knowledge of the structure and function of CaMdr1p is necessary for an effective design of modulators or inhibitors of this efflux transporter. Towards this goal, in this(More)
A major multidrug transporter, MDR1 (multidrug resistance 1), a member of the MFS (major facilitator superfamily), invariably contributes to an increased efflux of commonly used azoles and thus corroborates their direct involvement in MDR in Candida albicans. The Mdr1 protein has two transmembrane domains, each comprising six transmembrane helices,(More)
N-ethylmaleimide (NEM) impairs the ATPase function of N-terminal NBD of Candida drug resistance gene product Cdr1p. To identify the reactive cysteine(s) for such a contribution, we adopted a three-arm approach that included covalent modification, cysteine mutagenesis, and structure homology modeling. The covalent modification results clearly indicate the(More)
It is being realized that the traditional closed-door and market driven approaches for drug discovery may not be the best suited model for the diseases of the developing world such as tuberculosis and malaria, because most patients suffering from these diseases have poor paying capacity. To ensure that new drugs are created for patients suffering from these(More)
Drug-resistant pathogenic fungi use several families of membrane-embedded transporters to efflux antifungal drugs from the cells. The efflux pump Cdr1 (Candida drug resistance 1) belongs to the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) superfamily of transporters. Cdr1 is one of the most predominant mechanisms of multidrug resistance in azole-resistant (AR) clinical(More)