Andrew M. Ladd

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We demonstrate a system built using probabilistic techniques that allows for remarkably accurate localization across our entire office building using nothing more than the built-in signal intensity meter supplied by standard 802.11 cards. While prior systems have required significant investments of human labor to build a detailed signal map, we can train(More)
This paper considers the problem of using wireless LAN location-sensing for security applications. Recently, Bayesian methods have been successfully used to determine location from wireless LAN signals, but such methods have the drawback that a model must first be built from training data. The introduction of model error can drastically reduce the(More)
IEEE 802.11b wireless Ethernet is becoming the standard for indoor wireless communication. This paper proposes the use of measured signal strength of Ethernet packets as a sensor for a localization system. We demonstrate that off-the-shelf hardware can accurately be used for location sensing and real-time tracking by applying a Bayesian localization(More)
Motion planning research has been successful in developing planning algorithms which are effective for solving problems with complicated geometric and kinematic constraints. Various applications in robotics and in other fields demand additional physical realism. Some progress has been made for non-holonomic systems. However systems with significant drift,(More)
We propose the combination of techniques that solve multiple queries for motion planning problems with single query planners in a motion planning framework that can be efficiently parallelized. In multiple query motion planning, a data structure is built during a preprocessing phase in order to quickly respond to on-line queries. Alternatively, in single(More)
This paper presents a novel analysis of the probabilistic roadmap method (PRM) for path planning. We formulate the problem in terms of computing the transitive closure of a relation over a probability space, and give a bound on the expected number iterations of PRM required to find a path, in terms of the number of intermediate points and the probability of(More)
A key subproblem in the construction of location-aware systems is the determination of the position of a mobile device. This paper describes the design, implementation and analysis of a system for determining position inside a building from measured RF signal strengths of packets on an IEEE 802.11b wireless Ethernet network. Previous approaches to location(More)
This paper shows how to effectively combine a sampling-based method primarily designed for multiple-query motion planning [probabilistic roadmap method (PRM)] with sampling-based tree methods primarily designed for single-query motion planning (expansive space trees, rapidly exploring random trees, and others) in a novel planning framework that can be(More)
IEEE 802.11b wireless Ethernet is rapidly becoming the standard for in-building and short-range wireless communication. Many mobile devices such as mobile robots, laptops and PDAs already use this protocol for wireless communication. Many wireless Ethernet cards measure the signal strength of incoming packets. This paper investigates the feasibility of(More)