Andrew M Gonzales

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Phenytoin (pht) is an anticonvulsant drug commonly used for the prevention of seizures. A common side effect of PHT therapy is gingival hyperplasia, occasionally so severe that it requires surgical intervention. Cyclosporine A (CSA) is a drug widely used for the control of rejection phenomena following solid organ and bone marrow transplantation. A frequent(More)
Benzylisoquinoline alkaloids (BIAs) are a diverse family of plant-specialized metabolites that include the pharmaceuticals codeine and morphine and their derivatives. Microbial synthesis of BIAs holds promise as an alternative to traditional crop-based manufacturing. Here we demonstrate the production of the key BIA intermediate (S)-reticuline from glucose(More)
The enzyme heme oxygenase, which exists in inducible (HO-1) and constitutive (HO-2) isoforms, catalyzes the degradation of heme to biliverdin and CO in mammalian tissues. CO has been implicated in the control of vascular tone in a manner similar to that for NO. In the present study, we investigated the contribution of the heme oxygenase/CO pathway to the(More)
We have measured plasma volume and cardiac index in rats after 50% isovolemic exchange transfusion with human hemoglobin cross-linked between the alpha-chains with bis(3,5-dibromosalicyl)fumarate (alpha alpha Hb) and with bovine hemoglobin modified with polyethylene glycol (PEGHb). alpha alpha Hb and PEGHb differ in colloid osmotic pressure (23.4 and 118.0(More)
Changes in mean arterial pressure were monitored in rats following 50% isovolemic exchange transfusion with solutions of chemically modified hemoglobins. Blood pressure responses fall into three categories: 1) an immediate and sustained increase, 2) an immediate yet transient increase, or 3) no significant change either during or subsequent to exchange(More)
From May 1983 to January 1984, 517 patients with laboratory confirmed dengue were studied at a hospital in Manila. Secondary dengue infections were diagnosed in 78% of these cases. Peak admission (28%) occurred towards the end of the rainy season in November. Most patients (78%) were less than 15 years old but only 3 were infants. Although some type of(More)
OBJECTIVES With the intention to ameliorate the clinical condition of patients with chronic spinal cord injury (SCI), a program that combines three cell therapies and an appropriate neurorehabilitation program were used to recreate and enhance the natural conditions of SCI repair. METHODS Vascularization recovery is approached by selective artery infusion(More)
This report describes the tissue distribution and long-term (14-day) excretion of hemoglobin cross-linked between the alpha-chains (alpha alpha Hb) with carbon 14-labeled bis(3,5-dibromosalicyl)fumarate. Fully conscious, chronically cannulated rats (n = 40) were treated with a 50% isovolemic exchange transfusion (ET) with solutions of 14C-labeled alpha(More)
Stroma-free hemoglobin (SFHb) can be chemically modified to prolong the intravascular retention (prevent renal filtration), and to improve oxygen delivering capability for use as a red cell substitute. Hb derivatives radioactively tagged with tritium [3H] or 14C were used to study their metabolic fate following clearance from the circulation. Fully(More)