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Correct assembly and function of the mitotic spindle during cell division is essential for the accurate partitioning of the duplicated genome to daughter cells. Protein phosphorylation has long been implicated in controlling spindle function and chromosome segregation, and genetic studies have identified several protein kinases and phosphatases that are(More)
Nek2, a mammalian protein kinase of unknown function, is closely related to the mitotic regulator NIMA of Aspergillus nidulans. Here we show by both immunofluorescence microscopy and biochemical fractionation that human Nek2 localizes to the centrosome. Centrosome association occurs throughout the cell cycle, including all stages of mitosis, and is(More)
Nuclear migration and positioning within cells are critical for many developmental processes and are governed by the cytoskeletal network. Although mechanisms of nuclear-cytoskeletal attachment are unclear, growing evidence links a novel family of nuclear envelope (NE) proteins that share a conserved C-terminal SUN (Sad1/UNC-84 homology) domain. Analysis of(More)
It is proposed that the CDK7-cyclin H complex functions in cell cycle progression, basal transcription and DNA repair. Here we report that in vitro reconstitution of an active CDK7-cyclin H complex requires stoichiometric amounts of a novel 36 kDa assembly factor termed MAT1 (ménage à trois 1). Sequencing of MAT1 reveals a putative zinc binding motif (a(More)
Nek2 (for NIMA-related kinase 2) is a mammalian cell cycle-regulated kinase structurally related to the mitotic regulator NIMA of Aspergillus nidulans. In human cells, Nek2 associates with centrosomes, and overexpression of active Nek2 has drastic consequences for centrosome structure. Here, we describe the molecular characterization of a novel human(More)
Centrosomes undergo dramatic changes in composition and activity during cell cycle progression. Yet mechanisms involved in recruiting centrosomal proteins are poorly understood. Nek2 is a cell cycle-regulated protein kinase required for regulation of centrosome structure at the G2/M transition. Here, we have addressed the processes involved in trafficking(More)
Metaphase-to-anaphase transition is a fundamental step in cell cycle progression where duplicated sister-chromatids segregate to the future daughter cells. The anaphase-promoting complex/cyclosome (APC/C) is a highly regulated ubiquitin-ligase that triggers anaphase onset and mitotic exit by targeting securin and mitotic cyclins for destruction. It was(More)
Centrosome duplication is a key requirement for bipolar spindle formation and correct segregation of chromosomes during cell division. In a manner highly reminiscent of DNA replication, the centrosome must be duplicated once, and only once, in each cell cycle. How centrosome duplication is regulated and coordinated with other cell-cycle functions remains(More)
The temporal control of mitotic protein degradation remains incompletely understood. In particular, it is unclear why the mitotic checkpoint prevents the anaphase-promoting complex/cyclosome (APC/C)-mediated degradation of cyclin B and securin in early mitosis, but not cyclin A. Here, we show that another APC/C substrate, NIMA-related kinase 2A (Nek2A), is(More)
During interphase, centrosomes are held together by a proteinaceous linker that connects the proximal ends of the mother and daughter centriole. This linker is disassembled at the onset of mitosis in a process known as centrosome disjunction, thereby facilitating centrosome separation and bipolar spindle formation. The NIMA (never in mitosis A)-related(More)