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Membranes have always been an integral part of biotechnology processes. The sterile filtration of fermentation media, purification buffers, and protein product pools is standard practice in industry. Microfiltration is also used extensively for medium exchange and harvest. Ultrafiltration can be found in virtually every biotechnology process. A significant(More)
Silicon micromachining provides the precise control of nanoscale features that can be fundamentally enabling for miniaturized, implantable medical devices. Concerns have been raised regarding blood biocompatibility of silicon-based materials and their application to hemodialysis and hemofiltration. A high-performance ultrathin hemofiltration membrane with(More)
The nearly 400000 American patients on dialysis suffer high cardiovascular and infectious mortality, but there is now evidence that this morbid phenotype can be rescued by intensive dialytic therapy. Self-care dialysis at home is limited by patient fears about skill and safety. An implanted artificial kidney would provide the benefits of intensive therapy(More)
The effects of pore size on the performance of ultrafiltration membranes are fairly well understood, but there is currently no information on the impact of pore geometry on the trade-off between the selectivity and permeability for membranes with pore size below 100 nm. Experimental data are presented for both commercial ultrafiltration membranes and for(More)
The large increase in viscosity of highly concentrated monoclonal antibody solutions can be challenging for downstream processing, drug formulation, and delivery steps. The objective of this work was to examine the viscosity of highly concentrated solutions of a high purity IgG1 monoclonal antibody over a wide range of protein concentrations, solution pH,(More)
The behavior of monoclonal antibodies at high concentrations is important in downstream processing, drug formulation, and drug delivery. The objective of this study was to evaluate the osmotic pressure of a highly purified monoclonal antibody at concentrations up to 250 g/L over a range of pH and ionic strength, and in the presence of specific excipients,(More)
The performance of many artificial organs can be strongly affected by the transport characteristics of the semi-permeable membranes used in these devices, but there is little data on the effects of blood contact on membrane transport properties. Experimental data were obtained for the solute flux through cellulosic, polyacrylonitrile, and polyethersulfone(More)
Several studies have shown that one of the critical factors governing protein fouling of microfiltration membranes is the presence of denaturedand/or aggregated protein in the bulk solutions. Experiments were performed to evaluate the role of intermolecular disulfide interchange reactionson protein aggregation and membrane fouling during stirred cell(More)
Clearances obtained during clinical hemodialysis are smaller than those predicted from in vitro measurements obtained with cell and protein free solutions, although the exact cause of this clearance reduction is unclear. This study examined the specific effects of blood contact on the in vitro clearance of urea, vitamin B12, and polydispersed dextrans using(More)
Despite the extensive interest in applications of plasmid DNA, there have been few direct measurements of the root mean square radius of gyration, R(G), of different plasmid isoforms over a broad range of plasmid size. Static light scattering data were obtained using supercoiled, open-circular, and linear isoforms of 5.76, 9.80, and 16.8 kbp plasmids. The(More)