Andrew L Schwaderer

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Although the urinary tract is constantly challenged by microbial invasion, it remains free from colonization. Although little is known about how the urinary tract maintains sterility, the presence of antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) in the urine suggests that they may play a role in its protection from infection. Ribonuclease 7 (RNase 7) is a potent AMP that(More)
Recent studies stress the importance of antimicrobial peptides in protecting the urinary tract from infection. Previously, we have shown that ribonuclease 7 (RNase 7) is a potent antimicrobial peptide that has a broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity against uropathogenic bacteria. The urothelium of the lower urinary tract and intercalated cells of the(More)
In children, unilateral multicystic dysplastic kidney (MCDK) is one of the most frequently identified urinary tract abnormalities. A variety of proposed etiologies has been associated with the underlying pathogenesis of MCDK. These include genetic disturbances, teratogens, in utero infections, and urinary outflow tract obstruction. From 5–43% of the time,(More)
The mechanisms that maintain sterility in the urinary tract are incompletely understood; however, recent studies stress the importance of antimicrobial peptides in protecting the urinary tract from infection. Ribonuclease 7 (RNase 7), a potent antimicrobial peptide contributing to urinary tract sterility, is expressed by intercalated cells in the renal(More)
BACKGROUND The mechanisms that maintain sterility in the urinary tract are incompletely understood. Recent studies have implicated the importance of antimicrobial peptides (AMP) in protecting the urinary tract from infection. Here, we characterize the expression and relevance of the AMP human alpha-defensin 5 (HD5) in the human kidney and urinary tract in(More)
This study evaluates the impact of pediatric uninary tract infection (UTI)s on the economy and inpatient healthcare utilization in the USA. A retrospective analysis of patient demographics and hospital economics was performed on children less than 18 years of age admitted with a UTI between 2000 and 2006 using the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project(More)
The objective of this study was to identify how many children with hypercalciuria and/or nephrolithiasis have a low bone density and whether the risk of low bone density can be identified by 24-h urine stone-risk profiles and/or growth parameters. A retrospective chart review was performed on 110 idiopathic hypercalciuria and/or kidney stone patients who(More)
The goal of this study was to examine national trends in hospitalization, emergency department (ED) utilization, secondary diagnoses, and charges associated with pediatric urolithiasis. Data were evaluated from the Kids’ Inpatient Database of the Healthcare Costs and Utilization Project (HCUP) database from 1997 to 2012 and the HCUP National ED Sample from(More)
Despite its proximity to the fecal flora, the urinary tract is considered sterile. The precise mechanisms by which the urinary tract maintains sterility are not well understood. Host immune responses are critically important in the antimicrobial defense of the urinary tract. During recent years, considerable advances have been made in our understanding of(More)