Andrew L. Miller

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We report that, during epiboly in zebrafish, three F-actin--based structures appear only after the blastoderm migrates past the embryonic equator. They are composed of two ring-like F-actin structures that form at the deep cell and enveloping layer margins of the blastoderm and a punctate actin band that develops in the external yolk syncytial layer.(More)
Through the injection of f-aequorin (a calcium-sensitive bioluminescent reporter) into the dorsal micromeres of 8-cell stage Xenopus laevis embryos, and the use of a Photon Imaging Microscope, distinct patterns of calcium signalling were visualised during the gastrulation period. We present results to show that localised domains of elevated calcium were(More)
The polarity of fucoid eggs is fixed either when tip growth starts or a bit earlier. A steady flow of calcium ions into the incipient tip is thought to establish a high calcium zone that is needed for its localization and formation. To test this hypothesis, we have injected seven different 1,2-bis(o-aminophenoxy)ethane-N,N,N',N'-tetraacetic acid(More)
Through the injection of f-aequorin (a calcium-specific luminescent reporter) and the use of an imaging photon detector, we see a distinct localized elevation of intracellular calcium that accompanies the appearance of the first furrow arc at the blastodisc surface: the furrow positioning signal. As the leading edges of the arc progress outward toward the(More)
Calcium signals appear throughout the first 24 hours of zebrafish development. These begin at egg activation, then continue to be generated throughout the subsequent zygote, cleavage, blastula, gastrula, and segmentation periods. They are thus associated with the major phases of pattern formation: cell proliferation, cell differentiation, axis(More)
Animal cells are cleaved by the formation and contraction of an extremely thin actomyosin band. In most cases this contractile band seems to form synchronously around the whole equator of the cleaving cell; however in giant cells it first forms near the mitotic apparatus and then slowly grows outwards over the cell. We studied the relationship of calcium to(More)
The activation process in a variety of deuterostome and protostome eggs is accompanied by cytosolic calcium transients that usually take the form of either a single or multiple propagating waves. Here we report that the eggs of zebrafish (Danio rerio) are no exception in that they generate a single activation wave that traverses the egg at a velocity of(More)
By yeast two-hybrid screening using the calcium-binding protein ALG-2 as bait a new target of ALG-2 was identified, the RNA-binding protein RBM22. In order to confirm these interactions in vivo we prepared fluorescent constructs by using the monomeric red fluorescent protein to label ALG-2 and the enhanced green fluorescent protein to label RBM22. Confocal(More)
Development of the vertebrate embryonic nervous system is characterized by a cascade of signalling events. In Xenopus, the initial step in this cascade results from signals emanating from the dorsal mesoderm that divert the fate of the ectoderm from an epidermal to a neural lineage. These signals include extracellular antagonists of the bone morphogenetic(More)
In intact Xenopus embryos, an increase in intracellular Ca(2+) in the dorsal ectoderm is both necessary and sufficient to commit the ectoderm to a neural fate. However, the relationship between this Ca(2+) increase and the expression of early neural genes is as yet unknown. In intact embryos, studying the interaction between Ca(2+) signaling and gene(More)