Andrew L. Fleming

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In vivo treatment with anti-CD4 antibody profoundly suppresses a number of T cell-dependent responses and is clinically useful in the treatment of certain mouse models of autoimmune disease. Treatment with anti-CD4 antibody will inactivate and can deplete CD4 T cells, but the mechanisms responsible for these effects are incompletely understood. When mouse(More)
Aluminum toxicity limits root growth in acid subsoils that are difficult to lime. An alternative to subsoil liming is the development of plants having greater tolerance to Al. Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) is considered an Al-susceptible species. Preliminary studies indicated that alfalfa cultivars differ in Al tolerance, but the extreme plant-to-plant(More)
Accurate spatial estimation of forest carbon stocks and their spatial uncertainties at local, regional, national, and global scales is a critical step in global carbon cycle modeling and management. This study aimed at enhancing the methods that are currently used in this area by combining plot data from the forest inventory and analysis program of the U.S.(More)
Complete elimination of CD4 cells by in vivo treatment with anti-CD4 mAb may result in B cell polyclonal activation. Additionally, mice treated with doses of anti-CD4 that eliminate half the CD4 cells produced higher anti-SRBC antibody responses than controls. This suggests that partial CD4 depletion enhances Th2-like function. To test this hypothesis we(More)
We have examined the influence of recipient age on the recovery of the CD4 T cell compartment following in vivo treatment with anti-CD4. Mice were treated with anti-CD4 beginning in utero (adolescent), at 8 weeks (young adult), or at 52 weeks (old adult). Following acute CD4 depletion, adolescent mice recovered CD4 T cells rapidly (99% of age-matched(More)
Chronic in vivo depletion of CD4+ T cells results in a marked increase in serum IgM levels. When normal mice were acutely depleted of CD4+ T cells, unfractionated spleen cell cultures showed an increased sensitivity to lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced IgM secretion. Sensitivity to LPS-induced proliferation was similar in both control cultures and cultures(More)
The B-1a (CD5+) subset of B cells comprises the majority of B cells in the peritoneal cavity and is implicated in the pathogenesis of certain autoimmune diseases and lymphoproliferative disorders. When we stimulated purified B-1a cells with LPS, they produced more than four times as much IgM as similarly stimulated whole peritoneal cells (containing the(More)
The effects of A1 on the growth and mineral composition of different cultivars of triticale (X Triticosecale, Wittmack), wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) and rye (Secale cereale L.) growing in 1/5 strength Steinberg solutions containing 0 or 6 ppm A1 were evaluated after 32 days. Aluminum increased the concentrations of P and K in the roots and K in the tops of(More)
The Th1 and NK cell-derived cytokine interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) influences both immune and inflammatory responses, and under some circumstances, IFN-gamma can inhibit B cell differentiation. We found that IFN-gamma inhibited LPS-induced IgM production in B cells by reducing the precursor frequency of IgM-secreting cells. This occurred without a(More)