Learn More
BACKGROUND A major outbreak of human enterovirus 71-associated hand, foot and mouth disease in Sarawak in 1997 marked the beginning of a series of outbreaks in the Asia Pacific region. Some of these outbreaks had unusually high numbers of fatalities and this generated much fear and anxiety in the region. METHODS We established a sentinel surveillance(More)
We investigated the cardiorespiratory health effects of smoke exposure from the 1997 Southeast Asian Forest Fires among persons who were hospitalized in the region of Kuching, Malaysia. We selected admissions to seven hospitals in the Kuching region from a database of all hospital admissions in the state of Sarawak during January 1, 1995 and December 31,(More)
AIMS To study the clinical and demographic aspects as well as the outcomes of severe cases of malaria infections managed in the intensive care unit of the Sarawak General Hospital, Kuching from January 1996 to December 2001. METHODS All cases of malaria admitted to the intensive care unit of the Sarawak General Hospital from January 1996 to December 2001(More)
To improve population health, one must put emphasis on reducing health inequities and enhancing health protection and disease prevention, and early diagnosis and treatment of diseases by tackling the determinants of health at the downstream, midstream, and upstream levels. There is strong theoretical and empirical evidence for the association between strong(More)
The nutritional status of 641 children between the ages of 0 to 4 years old, from 835 households in 41 randomly selected rural villages with water supply in Sarawak were determined. Based on Waterlow's classification and the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) standards, 61% of the children were stunted and 44.1% were wasted. Based on Gomez's(More)
Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) is an important encephalitis virus in Asia, but there are few data on Malaysia. A hospital-based surveillance system for Japanese encephalitis (JE) has been in operation in Sarawak, Malaysia, for the last 10 years. JEV is endemic in Sarawak, with cases occurring throughout the year and a seasonal peak in the last quarter(More)
All known field isolates of enterovirus 71 (EV71) can be divided into three distinct genogroups (A, B, C) and 10 subgenogroups (A, B1-5, C1-4) based on VP1 gene sequences. We examined VP1 gene sequences of 10, 12 and 11 EV71 strains isolated in peninsular Malaysia during the outbreaks of hand, foot and mouth disease in 1997, 2000 and 2005 respectively. Four(More)
The detection rates of brugian filariasis in three regions of Sarawak namely Central, North and South after three courses of mass drug administration (MDA) from year 2004 to 2006 was investigated. A recombinant BmR1 antigen-based IgG4 detection test, named Brugia Rapid and night blood smear for microfilaria (mf) detection were used. All three (More)
The state of Sarawak in Malaysia has a high prevalence of iodine deficiency disorders (IDD). This has been revealed through a review of goitre surveys that were carried out in the State from the early 1970s to the 1990s. The primary cause was low iodine intake. Contributory factors were low iodine content in the soil and water as well as high cassava(More)
Rapid and unplanned urbanization in Asia has profound implications for population health. With globalization, failure of governance has resulted in inequities that translate into health impacts that are most severe for the urban poor. Urban poverty and the growth of slums, informal settlements and squatter areas pose obvious hazards and risks to health.(More)