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We measured the timing of spontaneous membrane potential fluctuations and action potentials of medial and lateral agranular corticostriatal and striatal neurons with the use of in vivo intracellular recordings in urethan-anesthetized rats. All neurons showed spontaneous subthreshold membrane potential shifts from 7 to 32 mV in amplitude, fluctuating between(More)
The distribution of synapses formed by corticostriatal neurons was measured to determine the average connectivity and degree of convergence of these neurons and to search for spatial inhomogeneities. Two kinds of axonal fields, focal and extended, and two striatal tissue compartments, the patch (striosome) and matrix, were analyzed separately. Electron(More)
The distribution of rat corticostrial axons in the patch (striosome) and matrix compartments of the neostriatum was studied by using axonal labeling with biotinylated dextran amine (BDA) and identifying patch and matrix in the same section with calbindin immunocytochemistry. Small injections of BDA were made in the anterior cingulate, medial agranular,(More)
The medial amygdaloid nucleus (Me) is part of a neural pathway that regulates sexual behavior in the male Syrian hamster. To characterize the neurochemical content of neurons in this nucleus, brains from colchicine-treated adult male and female hamsters were immunocytochemically labeled using antibodies that recognize the catecholamine-synthesizing enzymes,(More)
In situ hybridization was used to study the effect of 6-hydroxydopamine-induced damage to the midbrain dopaminergic neurons on the level of glutamate decarboxylase mRNA in globus pallidus neurons in the rat. Some animals received an injection of Fluoro-gold in the entopeduncular nucleus or the substantia nigra prior to the 6-hydroxydopamine lesion in order(More)
Study of the afferents of the rat globus pallidus (GP) with Fluoro-gold, a retrograde tracer, revealed retrogradely labeled neurons in the ipsilateral parafascicular nucleus of the thalamus (PF), a previously undescribed afferent of the rat GP. We used the anterograde tracer, Phaseolus vulgaris-leucoagglutinin (PHA-L), to confirm and extend our findings.(More)
Iontophoretic injections of the fluorescent retrograde tract tracer, Fluoro-gold, into the entopeduncular nucleus of the rat (homologous to the internal segment of the primate globus pallidus) resulted in a substantial number of retrogradely labeled neurons in the ipsilateral globus pallidus (homologous to the external segment of the primate globus(More)
The question at the heart of Ireland and Postcolonial Theory-was Ireland a colony?-is a simple one. How it is answered, however, has enormous repercussions for understanding just about every aspect of Irish history and society: culture, economics, politics, demographics and a whole array of everyday rituals, ranging from patterns of speech through the(More)
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