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alpha-Human atrial natriuretic peptide, a 28-amino-acid-residue peptide, was rapidly hydrolysed by pig kidney microvillar membranes in vitro, with a t1/2 of 8 min, comparable with the rate observed with angiotensins II and III. The products of hydrolysis were analysed by h.p.l.c., the pattern obtained with membranes being similar to that with purified(More)
A simple method for the isolation of microvilli from kidney brush border is described. The method depends on the preferential aggregation of other subcellular structures by bivalent metal ions. MgCl(2) is added to a homogenate of cortical tissue prepared from frozen rabbit kidneys. Aggregated material is removed by a low-speed centrifugation and the(More)
The tissue distribution and route of clearance of human recombinant interleukin 1 alpha (IL 1 alpha) injected intravenously in rats was studied. The plasma half-life was approximately 2.5 min, and this was increased after nephrectomy, the kidney being the major organ through which the IL 1 alpha was excreted. Two iodinated fragments of IL 1 alpha, of(More)
Endopeptidase-24.11 (E-24.11, EC is widely believed to play a physiological role in metabolizing atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP). Since the discovery of ANP, new natriuretic peptides have been isolated and other peptides synthesized as receptor ligands. The hydrolysis in vitro of six related peptides by the endopeptidase has been studied, mainly(More)
Endopeptidase-24.11 (EC, purified to homogeneity from pig kidney, was shown to hydrolyse a wide range of neuropeptides, including enkephalins, tachykinins, bradykinin, neurotensin, luliberin and cholecystokinin. The sites of hydrolysis of peptides were identified, indicating that the primary specificity is consistent with hydrolysis occurring at(More)
The immunocytochemical distribution of the cell-surface enzyme dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP IV) has been studied in the human breast at the light and ultrastructural level. The presence of the enzyme was demonstrated on the cell membranes of interlobular fibroblasts, whilst intralobular fibroblasts were DPP-IV-negative. A fluorograph, after(More)
Neurotensin (NT) endopeptidase (EC has been purified about 800-fold from pig brain by four sequential chromatographic steps depending on ion-exchange and hydrophobic interactions. Two types of preparation were studied: one from a Triton X-100-solubilized membrane fraction, and the other from the soluble fraction containing 90% or more of the(More)
The Drosophila klarsicht (klar) gene is required for developmentally regulated migrations of photoreceptor cell nuclei in the eye. klar encodes a large ( approximately 250 kD) protein with only one recognizable amino acid sequence motif, a KASH (Klar, Anc-1, Syne-1 homology) domain, at its C terminus. It has been proposed that Klar facilitates nuclear(More)