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Endopeptidase-24.11 (EC, purified to homogeneity from pig kidney, was shown to hydrolyse a wide range of neuropeptides, including enkephalins, tachykinins, bradykinin, neurotensin, luliberin and cholecystokinin. The sites of hydrolysis of peptides were identified, indicating that the primary specificity is consistent with hydrolysis occurring at(More)
Endopeptidase-24.11 (neutral endopeptidase, neprilysin, 'enkephalinase', EC and endopeptidase-24.18 (endopeptidase-2, meprin, EC are cell-surface zinc-dependent metallo-endopeptidases able to cleave a variety of bioactive peptides including growth factors. We report the first study of the cellular and tissue distribution of both(More)
The expression of cell-surface peptidases was examined in two human colon carcinoma cell lines, Caco-2 and HT-29. Enzymic assays revealed the presence of eight cell-surface peptidases on a Caco-2 cell line (passage number 82-88), namely aminopeptidase N, dipeptidyl peptidase IV, peptidyl dipeptidase A (angiotension-converting enzyme), aminopeptidase P,(More)
alpha-Human atrial natriuretic peptide, a 28-amino-acid-residue peptide, was rapidly hydrolysed by pig kidney microvillar membranes in vitro, with a t1/2 of 8 min, comparable with the rate observed with angiotensins II and III. The products of hydrolysis were analysed by h.p.l.c., the pattern obtained with membranes being similar to that with purified(More)
Endopeptidase-24.11, a plasma membrane ectoenzyme with the ability to hydrolyse a variety of neuropeptides, has been localized in the pig nervous system by an immunoperoxidase technique. The endopeptidase was mapped in cryostat sections of the fore and mid-brain to the following structures: caudate-putamen, globus pallidus, olfactory tubercle, nucleus(More)
Endopeptidase-24.11 (sometimes referred to as 'enkephalinase') is a key cell-surface enzyme in the metabolism of neuropeptides. A previous immunohistochemical study mapped the enzyme in pig brain and indicated a striosomal ordering of the enzyme within the striatum. This point has now been confirmed by staining adjacent sections for acetylcholinesterase (by(More)
The tissue distribution and route of clearance of human recombinant interleukin 1 alpha (IL 1 alpha) injected intravenously in rats was studied. The plasma half-life was approximately 2.5 min, and this was increased after nephrectomy, the kidney being the major organ through which the IL 1 alpha was excreted. Two iodinated fragments of IL 1 alpha, of(More)
Neutral endopeptidase (EC from pig kidney hydrolyses [125I]iodo-insulin B-chain and leucine-enkephalin. Both activities were equally sensitive to inhibition by phosphoramidon [N-(alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyloxyhydroxyphosphinyl)-L-leucyl-L-tryptophan] and thiorphan [N-(DL-2-benzyl-3-mercaptopropionyl)glycine]. Thermolysin hydrolysis of insulin B-chain(More)
Human transforming growth factor-alpha (h-TGF alpha), a 50-amino acid residue peptide, was incubated with some purified cell-surface peptidases and with renal microvillar membranes prepared from pig and rat. Hydrolysis was monitored by h.p.l.c. and activity by a biological assay. Prolonged incubation with relatively large amounts of endopeptidase-24.11,(More)