Andrew Karwowski

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On the basis of 20 years' experience, the authors present the immediate and long-term results of operative treatment of Zenker's diverticulum. Comparison of two methods of surgery--diverticulopexia (in 21 patients) and excision (in 16), both associated with upper esophageal sphincter myotomy--shows good immediate and long-term results (from 1 to 19 years),(More)
We present the technique and results of endoscopic neodymium-yttrium aluminum garnet laser treatment of benign tracheal stenoses. This therapy was used in 15 patients with tracheal stenoses. Benign tracheal granulomas were caused by prolonged tracheal intubation in eight patients, permanent maintenance of tracheostomy tube in five patients, and nonspecific(More)