Andrew Jonathan Nok

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A sialidase from Clostridium chauvoei (Jakari strain), an indigenous bacterial strain that causes blackleg in Nigerian cattle and other ruminants was isolated and partially purified by chromatography on DEAE cellulose, hydroxyapatite and phenyl agarose columns. The enzyme migrated as a 65-kDa protein after electrophoresis on sodium dodecyl sulphate(More)
Human African trypanosomiasis (HAT), otherwise known as sleeping sickness, has remained a disease with no effective treatment. Recent progress in HAT research suggests that a vaccine against the disease is far from being successful. Also the emergence of drug-resistant trypanosomes makes further work in this area imperative. So far the treatment for the(More)
The erythrocyte surface sialic acid levels of 200 apparently healthy indigenous Nigerian poultry species (pigeons, guinea fowls, ducks and chickens, n = 50 for each species) presented for slaughter at a poultry abattoir in Zaria, Nigeria was determined. Other parameters determined were packed cell volume (PCV) and plasma total protein (TP) concentration.(More)
 The effect of Allium sativum (Liliacea) on trypanosome-infected mice was examined. At a dose of 5.0 mg/ml, the oily extract from the pulp completely suppressed the ability of the parasites to be infective in the host. Column chromatography of the extract gave four fractions: ethylacetate/methanol, ethylacetate/ethanol, benzene/methanol, and acetic(More)
Enhancing DNA vaccine effectiveness remains a challenge, especially if the desired goal is immunization efficacy after a single dose. The glycoprotein gene from the rabies virus Evelyn-Rokitnicki-Abelseth (ERA) strain was modified by mutation at amino acid residue 333 from arginine to glutamine. The modified and original unmodified glycoprotein genes were(More)
There is no consensus on the pathogenesis of blackleg infection that occurs in ruminants, but toxins and neuraminidase produced by Clostridium chauvoei are believed to play a significant role in the pathogenesis of the disease. This paper provides an update on the role of toxins and neuraminidase in the pathogenesis and pathology of the disease. The use of(More)
The organotin compounds dibutyltin (DBTC) and diphenyltin dichlorides (DPTC) were tested for trypanocidal activity on a Trypanosoma brucei-infected mice model. At a dose of 10 mg DBTC and 15 mg DPTC/kg/day for five consecutive days, they cleared the parasites from the peripheral blood of the infected mice. Subinoculation of some healthy mice with the(More)
The diterpenoid furanolactone (columbin) from Aristolochia albida inhibited growth of culture forms of Trypanosoma brucei. In vitro analysis of the compound at 5-250 microg/ml showed complete lysis of the parasites within 10-20 minutes post incubation. At 50 microg/ml, columbin killed about 50% of the parasites which initially appeared swollen under phase(More)
An ethanolic extract of Mitracarpus scaber was found to possess in vitro and in vivo trypanocidal activity against Trypanosoma congolense. At a dosage of 50 mg kg(-1) day(-1) in normal saline for 5 days, the extract cured Balbc mice infected with T. congolense without any relapse. The isolated active component benz(g)isoquinoline 5,10 dione(More)
The inhibitory effects of a naturally occurring diterpenoid furanolactone, columbin, on partially purified acidic phospholipase A2 (PLA2) from Naja nigricolis was investigated. Columbin inhibited the N. nigricolis PLA2 in a dose related pattern with an IC50 value of 2.5 microM. Double reciprocal plots of initial velocity data of inhibition by columbin(More)