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The erythrocyte surface sialic acid levels of 200 apparently healthy indigenous Nigerian poultry species (pigeons, guinea fowls, ducks and chickens, n = 50 for each species) presented for slaughter at a poultry abattoir in Zaria, Nigeria was determined. Other parameters determined were packed cell volume (PCV) and plasma total protein (TP) concentration.(More)
 The effect of Allium sativum (Liliacea) on trypanosome-infected mice was examined. At a dose of 5.0 mg/ml, the oily extract from the pulp completely suppressed the ability of the parasites to be infective in the host. Column chromatography of the extract gave four fractions: ethylacetate/methanol, ethylacetate/ethanol, benzene/methanol, and acetic(More)
Enhancing DNA vaccine effectiveness remains a challenge, especially if the desired goal is immunization efficacy after a single dose. The glycoprotein gene from the rabies virus Evelyn-Rokitnicki-Abelseth (ERA) strain was modified by mutation at amino acid residue 333 from arginine to glutamine. The modified and original unmodified glycoprotein genes were(More)
A sialidase from Clostridium chauvoei (Jakari strain), an indigenous bacterial strain that causes blackleg in Nigerian cattle and other ruminants was isolated and partially purified by chromatography on DEAE cellulose, hydroxyapatite and phenyl agarose columns. The enzyme migrated as a 65-kDa protein after electrophoresis on sodium dodecyl sulphate(More)
The organotin compounds dibutyltin (DBTC) and diphenyltin dichlorides (DPTC) were tested for trypanocidal activity on a Trypanosoma brucei-infected mice model. At a dose of 10 mg DBTC and 15 mg DPTC/kg/day for five consecutive days, they cleared the parasites from the peripheral blood of the infected mice. Subinoculation of some healthy mice with the(More)
UNLABELLED The bacterial genera Listeria and Staphylococcus have been frequently isolated from food products and are responsible for a number of animal and human diseases. The aim of the study was to simultaneously isolate and characterize L. monocytogenes and Staphylococcus species from 300 samples of raw meat and meat products, to determine the(More)
Human African trypanosomiasis (HAT), otherwise known as sleeping sickness, has remained a disease with no effective treatment. Recent progress in HAT research suggests that a vaccine against the disease is far from being successful. Also the emergence of drug-resistant trypanosomes makes further work in this area imperative. So far the treatment for the(More)
Sialic acids occupy terminal positions on gastric mucus glycoprotein where they contribute to the high viscosity of mucin. Desialylation of mucus may lead to degradation of the mucus and eventually to the breakdown of the gastric mucus barrier. The effect of a variety of damaging agents (0.1 M HCl, 2 mg ml(-1) pepsin and 2 M NaCl) on sialic acid profile was(More)
Searching for new compounds against pathogenic trypanosomes has been substantially accelerated by the development of in vitro screening assays. In an attempt to explore the chemotherapeutic potential of organotin compounds and to broaden the search for newer trypanocides, fatty acid derivatives of dibutyltin dichloride were synthesized and their in vitro(More)
Activity and kinetics of phospholipase A2 (PLA2) from Trypanosoma brucei gambiense (Wellcome strain) and Trypanosoma brucei brucei (GUTat 3.1) were examined using two different fluorescent substrates. The activity in the supernatants of sonicated parasites was Ca2+-independent, strongly stimulated by Triton X-100 with optimum activity at 37 degrees C and pH(More)