Andrew James Smith

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Predicting rewards and avoiding aversive conditions is essential for survival. Recent studies using computational models of reward prediction implicate the ventral striatum in appetitive rewards. Whether the same system mediates an organism's response to aversive conditions is unclear. We examined the question using fMRI blood oxygen level-dependent(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the hypothesis that routine intraperitoneal drainage is not required after pancreatic resection. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA The use of surgically placed intraperitoneal drains has been considered routine after pancreatic resection. Recent studies have suggested that for other major upper abdominal resections, routine postoperative drainage(More)
The medial superior olive (MSO) is part of the binaural auditory pathway, receiving excitatory projections from both cochlear nuclei and an inhibitory input from the ipsilateral medial nucleus of the trapezoid body (MNTB). We characterised the excitatory and inhibitory synaptic currents of MSO neurones in 3- to 14-day-old rats using whole-cell patch-clamp(More)
It is hypothesized that due to an abnormal functioning of the reward system patients with schizophrenia form context-inappropriate associations. It has been shown that the dopamine target regions, especially the ventral striatum, are critical in the formation of reward associations. We wanted to examine how the ventral striatum responds as patients learn(More)
In this study, the effects of a single dose of the indirect dopamine agonists amphetamine and methamphetamine on behavior and messenger RNA expression were evaluated. Expression of c-fos, a member of the leucine zipper family, zif/268 (NGFI-A, egr1 and Krox-24), a member of the zinc finger family, and the opioid peptide, preprodynorphin, was investigated in(More)
The voltage-gated Cl(-) channel (CLC) family comprises cell surface Cl(-) channels and intracellular Cl(-)/H(+) exchangers. CLCs in organelle membranes are thought to assist acidification by providing a passive chloride conductance that electrically counterbalances H(+) accumulation. Following recent descriptions of Cl(-)/H(+) exchange activity in endosomal(More)
The epidemic of heart failure has stimulated interest in understanding cardiac regeneration. Evidence has been reported supporting regeneration via transplantation of multiple cell types, as well as replication of postmitotic cardiomyocytes. In addition, the adult myocardium harbors endogenous c-kit(pos) cardiac stem cells (eCSCs), whose relevance for(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to test the ability of insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1/hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) to activate resident endogenous porcine cardiac stem/progenitor cells (epCSCs) and to promote myocardial repair through a clinically applicable intracoronary injection protocol in a pig model of myocardial infarction (MI)(More)